Germany is the main focus of Russian disinformation in the European Union, the bloc's diplomatic service revealed on Tuesday.
A new report found targeted campaigns both at the political level and through media close to the Kremlin.
What's in the report?
- No other EU member state is attacked more fiercely through disinformation.
- The Kremlin is "creating an image of a Germany, where a few sane voices are heard among a chorus of irrational 'Russophobia.'"
- German politicians are accused of avoiding dialogue with Russia.
Russian media and politicians have used news stories, particularly about Russian children, to accuse the German authorities of systematically suppressing Russians in Germany.
Similar negative news stories about Germany have been omitted from the German-language versions of the same Russian media.
Such Russian "doublespeak" is systematic and deliberate. The strategy sows uncertainty and discord and leaves Russian officials more room to maneuver, the report stated.
The Kremlin and the Russian Foreign Ministry have shown a willingness to enter into a dialogue, while allowing attacks on Germany and other EU countries to continue via Russian media outlets.
Russian disinformation in the EU
Other countries in Europe have also been targeted by Russian disinformation campaigns, the report found.
France was targeted more than 300 times, Italy around 170 times and Spain more than 40 times.
The EU's European External Action Service analyses publicly available media reports and statements on the EUvsDisinfo database.
The database currently comprises over 6,500 samples of pro-Kremlin disinformation and is updated weekly.
dpa contributed to this report