Gender equality in Germany is below the European average, according to a new European Union (EU) study released on Wednesday in Brussels.
The European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE) placed Germany 12th in a ranking of all EU 28 member states in its new Gender Equality Index, which scores countries from 0 to 100 across domains including work, health, and political representation.
The index gave Germany a score of 65.5 for 2015, which put it just below the 66.2 average score for all 28 EU member states for that year.
Germany's score suffered particularly in the area of education where it came in 25th in the EU-wide ranking. That was a notable drop from its 16th place ranking in the last version of the index.
Women in Germany tend to study subjects in the social sciences and humanities, whereas men tend to study subjects in the hard sciences. Those choices, the report said, impact later earnings for both groups as jobs associated with the social sciences and humanities tend to pay less than those associated with the hard sciences.
Gender equality progressing slowly across Europe
The index shows that the EU has gradually improved since the first edition of the index scored EU countries for gender equality in 2005. Whereas the EU average score was 62 in 2005, it increased to 66.2 in 2015.
EIGE put the overall improvement down to progress in women's opportunities in the areas of work, finance, influence, and health. In terms of influence, women had markedly greater representation in the top levels of business and politics compared to a decade prior.
Of all member states, Italy was able to improve its relative score the most, climbing from 26th out of 28 in 2005 to 14th in 2015.
Greece, followed by Hungary, took in the last spots of the newest EIGE ranking, while Sweden and Denmark were rated the most and second-most gender-equal countries in the EU.
Improvements still needed
Vera Jourova, the EU commissioner responsible for gender equality, cautioned against celebrating any slight improvements. She stressed that almost half of EU member states scored worse in at least one area compared to previous years.
"We cannot think of our societies as modern when we let so many people down," she said. "The new results of the Gender Equality Index show that across all areas of life inequality prevails. This means Europe has a duty to act."
amp/sms (epd, dpa)