Germany's Federal Court of Justice (BGH) upheld a 2019 lower court decision Tuesday, finding that employees at German arms manufacturer Heckler & Koch (H&K) knowingly falsified information as to the nature and destination of arms sold by the company in order to attain federal export licenses.
In 2019, the District Court of Stuttgart ruled that two H&K employees had broken federal law by failing to declare the true destination of arms sold by the company in so-called end-use statements. Though the court found three individuals innocent in the case, it gave 17 and 22-month suspended sentences to two defendants, as well as ordering the confiscation of €3.7 million ($4.34 million) in revenues tied to the sales.
Tuesday's ruling upheld the lower court guilty verdicts against the two individuals as well as the confiscation of money earned from the sales.
H&K sold guns to Mexican states known for rights abuses
German export licenses allowed H&K to sell large amounts of arms — mainly more than 4,200 model G36 machine guns — and component parts to Mexico's central purchasing body, which then proceeded to sell the guns to police departments located in states with dubious human rights records.
The case made its way to Germany's top criminal court on appeal by both defense attorneys and the prosecution. Lawyers for the defendants, one of whom died in 2015 and another who now lives in Mexico and claims to be too ill to travel, were seeking acquittal, whereas federal prosecutors were seeking harsher penalties.
Although the BGH has initially only ordered H&K to hand over €3 million of the original €3.7 million seizure while it reviews questions pertaining to limitations statutes on the remaining €700,000, a recent Federal Constitutional Court decision on the issue would indicate that the arms manufacturer will ultimately be forced to give up the entire sum.
Presiding judge Jürgen Schäfer said that although Heckler & Koch's management board may not have been involved in the crimes it must nevertheless take responsibility for the actions of its employees.
Editor's note: An earlier version of this article incorrectly described the financial seizures H&K faces in this case as a "fine," when it is in fact a confiscation of revenues from the illegal sales, rather than a criminal penalty. We apologize for the inaccuracy.
js/rt (AFP, dpa)