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Germany extends lockdown with plan to relax restrictions

March 4, 2021

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has revealed the government's five-step plan to relax lockdown measures.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel attends a news conference after a meeting with state leaders to discuss options beyond the end of the pandemic lockdown
German Chancellor Angela Merkel spoke at a press conference about the country's updated COVID measuresImage: Markus Schreiber/REUTERS

German Chancellor Angela Merkel announced on Wednesday evening a plan to relax COVID-19 restrictions, including conditions to reopen businesses. 

Merkel made the announcement following a meeting with the 16 state premiers on Wednesday that lasted more than nine hours. 

The federal government announced that the lockdown has been extended until at least March 28. 

What Merkel announced

  • There is a five-step plan to relaxing restrictions on a regional or state level
  • Each step will be taken every 14 days if regional infection numbers are stable or reduced
  • An emergency brake system will return regions to current lockdown levels if there are three consecutive days with an incidence rate above 100 per 100,000 people per week
  • At least one free rapid test per week will be available for all residents of Germany starting March 8

  • An independent expert committee is set to recommend lifting the restriction on the AstraZeneca vaccine, which was initially limited to people under 65

The five-step plan

Step one: Some school classes (albeit at states' individual discretion), daycare, and hairdressers reopen. This step already took place on Monday, March 1.

Step two, starting March 8: Bookstores and florists can reopen with the condition of one customer per 10 square meters. Contact-based professions, such as massage practices, are also allowed to reopen with a negative test result.

Step three, starting March 8 at the earliest: If recorded cases are less than 50 per 100,000 people, public spaces such as museums, zoos and gardens will be allowed to reopen, as well as retail businesses with at least 10 square meters (108 square feet) of space per customer.

Up to 10 people can play non-contact outdoor sports.

If the incidence rate is between 50 to 100, access to spaces such as museums and retail businesses would be on a pre-booking basis requiring at least 40 square meters per customer in shops.

A maximum of five people from no more than two households could then also play non-contact outdoor sports.

Step four, starting March 22 at the earliest: If the rate remains under 50, outdoor dining, theaters, concert venues, cinemas and opera houses can reopen.

People could then practice non-contact sports indoors and contact sports outdoors.

If the infection rate is between 50 to 100, outdoor dining would only be allowed on a pre-booking basis.

Step five, starting April 5 at the earliest: If the infection rate remains under 50, up to 50 people will be allowed to gather for outdoor recreational events, and sports restrictions would be lifted.

If the infection rate is between 50 to 100, shops could reopen with at least 10 square meters per customer.

Outdoor non-contact sports and indoor contact-based exercises would be allowed. 

Accelerating vaccination and testing

Germany's top officials said after Wednesday's negotiations that some 200,000 vaccinations are currently administrated daily. 

General practitioners and specialist doctors' vaccination will begin in late March or early April as Germany receives more doses. 

Stretching timing of second shot 'could save lives'

Health Minister Jens Spahn said Germany would speed up the vaccination process in the next few days after the Standing Committee on Vaccination recommends the AstraZeneca jab for people aged 65 and over. 

Merkel said rapid testing showed "good accuracy as to whether someone is infectious on a daily basis." The rapid tests are set to be accessible and free of charge starting March 8. 

Relaxing gathering restrictions

The federal government said that starting March 8, people from two households will be allowed to gather in groups of up to five people; children under the age of 14 are not included in that count and can take the true figure beyond five.

If the regional incidence remains below 35, up to 10 people from three households could then gather. 

However, the government still encouraged people to maintain a "social bubble" and limit interactions as much as possible.

German lawmakers and health experts react

News of the plans evoked mixed reactions from German politicians and health experts. Susanne Ferschl of The Left party called the plans "arbitrary and not a strategy."

Christine Aschenberg-Dugnus of the business-friendly Free Democratic Party (FDP), long a critic of Germany's vaccination approach, called the slow pace of vaccinations in the country a "disgrace."

Social Democratic (SPD) politician and health expert Karl Lauterbach voiced skepticism about the plan in an interview with DW on Thursday, saying: "We will have increasing case numbers because we are in a third wave and the decisions from yesterday will not help to curtail the third wave. And at the same time, we will not be able to help the economy because we cannot open restaurants or bars or anything, because when there is an increase in caseload, such openings will not happen."

Although Lauterbach welcomed news of nationwide access to antigen tests, he warned there would still be a long stretch of time between now and the point when a majority of Germans can be vaccinated: "We should make it very clear that a third wave is not a minor problem, that it is not a small wave before everyone gets the vaccination," he said.

Gernot Marx, president of the German Interdisciplinary Association of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine, warned that loosening lockdown rules would only lead to a spike in infections, saying: "I reckon that with the new opening scenarios we will see a significant increase in new infections. And also more intensive care patients with COVID-19."

Some restrictions already lifted

Most stores in Germany have been closed since December 16. Restaurants, bars, sports and leisure facilities have been closed since November 2.

Germany moved ahead with the first reopening steps this week. On Monday, hairdressers opened after two-and-a-half months. The same day, some German states also allowed businesses such as florists and hardware stores to open.

js,fb/aw (AP, dpa, Reuters) 

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