A thousand Turkish diplomats and civil servants are among the 15,654 people who have sought asylum in Germany since the failed coup in 2016. The figures exclude fugitive Turkish soldiers.
Germany's Federal Agency for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) disclosed Sunday that 288 holders of Turkish diplomatic passports and 771 Turkish "green" (civil service) passports had sought asylum in Germany from 2016 until early March 2018.
On the back of the July 2016 attempt, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan suspended or fired around 150,000 civil servants, and jailed some 50,000 people, claiming that a one-time ally, US-resident preacher Fethulah Gulen, was behind the failed coup.
Ankara has also called for Europe to send back Turkish asylum-seekers allegedly aligned with Kurdish militants.
"Whoever comments critically about the [Turkish] government or government members is branded as a national traitor," said Topel.
A fugitive Turkish lawyer, who reportedly spent six months in Turkish custody, was identified by DPA as 43-year-old Murat T. He described how he and his wife sought help only within Germany via trusted intermediaries: "We avoid the Turkish community, which has long lived here [in Germany]. Otherwise, we cannot be sure to avoid someone betraying us to the [Turkish] government," said Murat.
The lawyer expressed concern in relation to some of Germany's 3 million Turkish residents who he suggested were manipulated by the Turkish media: "They seem to believe Erdogan's every word."
Another exiled Turk, a businesswoman identified only as 40-year-old Selina, told DPA that "mistrust is a condition that we have had to live with over the past two years."
"We were spied upon, lost good old friends, and were denounced as alleged Gulen supporters," she added.
A third asylum-seeker, identified as Canan A., a teacher, told DPA that practical assistance, such as for recognition of his academic qualification, was provided via Christian church circles.