There is probably no one else in Germany who knows more climate observers, activists, and conference negotiators than Jennifer Morgan.
For decades now, going all the way back to the start of UN-backed international climate conferences in the mid-90s, Morgan has been a fixture at these events.
At first, the political scientist and German scholar was active with the environmental group Climate Action News, and also for the World Wildlife Fund. Since 2016, she has been one of two executive directors of Greenpeace International.
At these climate conferences, an interview with her is coveted not only by journalists but government delegations. Hardly anyone knows their way around complicated climate treaties as well as the 55-year-old from New Jersey.
Germany's new government — composed of the Greens, the neoliberal Free Democrats (FDP) and, as senior partner, the center-left Social Democrats (SPD) — has promised to put fighting climate change at the heart of its agenda.
Changing role, changing citizenship
Now she's switching sides to become a climate advisor at the German Foreign Ministry. Once Morgan, who has lived in Berlin for many years, obtains German citizenship, she will officially become a state secretary, and be able to leave her mark as a member of future German delegations at climate conferences.
Morgan graduated from Indiana University with a BA in Political Science and Germanic Studies. It was during this time she read the book "Fighting for Hope" by Petra Kelly, a founding member of the German Green Party, which Morgan has said inspired her and changed her life.
From 1996-97, Morgan spent a year in Germany as a Bosch Fellow and worked for the German Environment Ministry under then Environment Minister Angela Merkel.
She joined the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) in 1998 and headed its delegation to the Kyoto Protocol climate negotiations. She has also worked for the Climate Action Network, and the World Resources Institute, among others.
"I think if you look into the future... where the world hasn't gotten its act together and temperatures continue to rise, you're going to see more conflicts, more refugees and less stability," she said.
Annalena Baerbock had already taken charge of international climate policy shortly after her appointment as foreign minister, bringing key staff from the Environment Ministry into her new office.
Morgan will have to get used to a change of role. From now on, she will have to defend Germany's climate policy at international meetings. Recently, for example, the Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection, Vice-Chancellor Robert Habeck, also of the Green Party, admitted that Germany would not be able to meet its climate targets in the next two years.
The massive expansion of renewable energies and the planned earlier phase-out of coal-fired power generation by 2030, instead of by 2038 as previously targeted, will be Herculean tasks for the government. Morgan will one the people answering for these changes with immediate effect.
A former environmental lobbyist as Germany's new chief negotiator on the international stage? Not all politicians in Germany think that's a good idea.
Referring to some Greenpeace tactics in the recent past, Steffen Bilger, deputy chairman of the conservative CDU/CSU parliamentary group, said on Twitter: "Endangering the airspace of the European soccer championship, dumping paint at [Berlin landmark] the Grosser Stern, stealing car keys and defacing the Reichstag with poster campaigns. And as a reward, the Greens gives them a state secretary post."
Another leader of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group, Torsten Frei, also raised concerns about her previous work as a lobbyist. He told the German daily Augsburger Allgemeine: "To naturalize a prominent American lobbyist on the fly and make her a civil servant is a highly irregular move."
The world's biggest carbon capture plant
Watchdog sees no issue with Morgan's career change
Indeed, Morgan will have to brace herself for more criticism like this. However, she far from the first to move from environmental advocacy groups into politics, and not everyone thinks the pivot is a bad idea.
Jochen Flasbarth, a longtime state secretary in the Environment Ministry, was also once president of the German environmental group "NABU." Today, Flasbarth is a state secretary in the Ministry of Development. He has known Morgan for many years and thinks very highly of her.
In an interview with DW, he said: "The fact that Baerbock was able to win Jennifer Morgan as climate state secretary is a great success for German climate diplomacy. She knows the international climate agenda, is very well connected and knows the negotiation processes."
Likewise, the watchdog organization "LobbyControl" has no major problem with Morgan's appointment. The firm's lobbying expert Timo Lange said Wednesday, "we have stressed in the past that it should be possible to bring experts from outside into government agenices." But Lange added, "It's also clear, however, that Morgan must represent the positions of the federal government in the future and not those of Greenpeace."
It looks like the new foreign minister has scored a major coup with this appointment.
This article was first published on February 8 and later expanded to include more information. Richard Connor contributed to this report.
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