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European Diplomacy

DW staff (jen)November 12, 2007

In the wake of talks in Berlin, the leaders of France and Germany said they agreed on the need for diplomacy in dealing with Tehran, and pledged to do their utmost to keep nuclear weapons out of Iranian hands.

SarkozyMerkel talk in front of the chancellery in Berlin
No laughing matter: Iran shouldn't go atomic, the leaders saidImage: AP

French President Nicolas Sarkozy said Monday, Nov. 12, that Germany and France agree that Iran must not acquire a nuclear weapon, after talks with German Chancellor Angela Merkel.

"We are on the same wavelength: no nuclear weapons for Iran," Sarkozy told the AFP news service. "Germany and France believe in the usefulness of sanctions."

Merkel said the two countries agreed that a new round of UN sanctions may be necessary to stop Iran from pursuing uranium enrichment.

"The common position that, if Iran does not change its stance, further sanctions must be considered in the UN framework," she told reporters after the meeting.

Sanctions need UN support

Germany is Iran's most important European economic partner, and Merkel said she and Sarkozy discussed how EU-Iranian trade ties might be recalibrated in the event of Tehran's continued defiance.

Sarkozy reviews a military guard of honor at the chancellery
In Berlin, Sarkozy got the treatment due a head of state.Image: AP

She added that there was also "broad agreement" that support form China and Russia -- two permanent members of the UN Security Council -- should be sought to back any punitive measures.

"We want to have Russia and China in the world community that makes clear to Iran that we cannot resign ourselves to this nuclear program," Merkel said.

Germany plus the five members of the United Nations Security Council -- Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States -- have negotiated with Iran for years to convince it to stop enriching uranium, which can be used to generate energy but also to make an atomic bomb.

The US and several of its European allies believe Iran is trying to develop a nuclear weapon, a charge Tehran has repeatedly denied.

Talks focus on Middle East

Sarkozy and Merkel each held talks with US President George W. Bush last week that concluded with calls for a diplomatic solution to the conflict with Tehran over its sensitive nuclear work.

Sarkozy brought Prime Minister Francois Fillon and other members of his cabinet with him to Berlin for the talks, which were part of regular Franco-German government consultations.

Also on the agenda was integration, an issue faced by both Germany and France.

Bush and shake hands at his ranch in Crawford, Texas
Merkel's Sarkozy meeting followed her visit with BushImage: AP

But the two leaders concentrated on the Middle East ahead of the US-sponsored peace conference for the region due to take place in Annapolis, Maryland, at the end of the month.

Both Merkel and Sarkozy discussed the conference with US President George W. Bush during their separate visits to the United States over the past week.

During the Berlin visit, Sarkozy and Fillon accompanied Merkel to a high school where they discussed current affairs with pupils.