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Angela Merkel was Germany's first female chancellor from 2005 to 2021.
Angela Merkel was born in Hamburg on July 17, 1954, the daughter of a Protestant pastor who moved his family to East Germany. After gaining a Ph.D. in chemistry, Merkel entered politics in the wake of the Peaceful Revolution of 1989. Following German reunification in 1990, Merkel was elected to the Bundestag and appointed minister for women and youth in 1991, later becoming minister for the environment, nature conservation and nuclear safety in 1994. She served as leader of the Christian Democratic Union from 2000 to 2018 and was elected as chancellor in 2005. Here you can find all DW content on Angela Merkel.
The former German chancellor has said she doesn't feel she should apologize for her Russia policies during her 16 years in office — but in her first major interview since the invasion of Ukraine, Merkel described the war as a "great tragedy."
The former German chancellor has spoken publically in Berlin, saying that her retirement was "not as imagined" because of the Ukraine war. But she largely defended her decisions on dealing with Russian aggression during her tenure.