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SPD, Greens and FDP resume German coalition talks

October 11, 2021

Two weeks after a tight election, the winning SPD have met with the Greens and the FDP in an effort to hammer out a new German government. This marks the second set of three-way talks among the parties.

German Finance Minister Olaf Scholz arrives for coalition talks in Berlin
Olaf Scholz won a clear victory but can he forge a coalition to seal the deal?Image: Christoph Soeder/dpa/picture alliance

Germany's election-winning Social Democratic Party (SPD) kicked off a second round of "in-depth exploratory coalition talks" with the third-place Greens and fourth-place Free Democratic Party (FDP) in Berlin on Monday morning. 

The three parties previously met last Thursday and scheduled 10 hours of negotiations for Monday. Four more hours of talks have been scheduled for Tuesday morning, before SPD chancellor candidate Olaf Scholz departs for a meeting of G20 finance ministers in Washington, DC.

More talks between the leaders of the so-called "traffic light" coalition parties — a reference to their party colors — are set to take place on Friday after Scholz returns to Berlin from the United States. No statements on the progress of the talks were expected on Monday, with all parties underscoring the need for discretion.

Party representatives said they hope to present initial results toward the end of the week. Thus far, none of the negotiators have given details as to the state of talks, only that there are differences of opinion in a number of areas, the two most fundamental being finance and the environment.

(l to r) Robert Habeck, Annalena Baerbock (Greens), Volker Wissing and Christian Lindner (FDP) arrive for coalition talks in Berlin
The Greens and the FDP have completed several rounds of talks, but must still work out a number of differencesImage: Kay Nietfeld/dpa/picture alliance

Overlaps, differences mean coalition options remain open

The environmental Greens, which garnered 14.8% of the vote in Germany's September 26 federal election, have more content overlap with the SPD (25.7%) — for instance when it comes to raising taxes on the wealthy to help bankroll climate protection policies — than do the neoliberal FDP (11.5%), which is opposed to such ideas, preferring market-based solutions.

The FDP, in turn, would seem a more obvious fit with the second-place Christian Democratic Union and Christian Social Union (CDU/CSU) of outgoing Chancellor Angela Merkel (24.1%). The conservative Union had its worst showing ever in the recent election, yet still holds out hope that it may ultimately be able to form a coalition, should Scholz and the SPD be unable to hammer one out.

North Rhine-Westphalian State Premier and CDU/CSU chancellor candidate Armin Laschet
CDU/CSU chancellor candidate Armin Laschet remains hopeful of forging a coalition despite his defeat at the ballot boxImage: Markus Schreiber/AP Photo/picture alliance

Although the Greens and FDP have both said they are aware that German voters want change, they have been cautious about the prospects of finding common ground, with Green Party co-leader Robert Habeck stating, "Finances are a huge problem." 

Heading into Monday's talks, Habeck confirmed, "The FDP's red lines are well-known: No to raising taxes and no to loosening the debt brake."

FDP Chairman Christian Lindner, too, has acknowledged difficulties, and has not been shy about voicing support for a so-called "Jamaica coalition" between FDP, Greens and CDU/CSU, saying it "remains a viable option."

CDU/CSU chancellor candidate Armin Laschet, who has faced blistering criticism within the Union for its disastrous showing, has said he will "keep the door open [for a CDU/CSU-led coalition] until the very last minute."   

js/aw (AFP, dpa)