China accuses NATO of maintaining ′Cold War mentality′ | News | DW | 15.06.2021
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China accuses NATO of maintaining 'Cold War mentality'

Beijing said NATO was exaggerating the "China threat theory" after the alliance declared China a challenge to the global order for the first time.

NATO and China flags in speech bubbles

NATO took a forceful stance toward Beijing in a communique at Monday's summit

China on Tuesday accused NATO of "creating confrontations" after the alliance's members pledged to cooperate to counter "systemic challenges" posed by Beijing's policies.

NATO leaders had branded China a security risk to the alliance and criticized its "opaque" weapons development programs.

"China's stated ambitions and assertive behavior present systemic challenges to the rules-based international order and to areas relevant to alliance security," NATO leaders had said in a communique.

The final communique was NATO's first change of focus for an alliance created to defend Europe from the Soviet Union during the Cold War. 

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China 'will not remain indifferent'

In a statement, the Chinese Mission to the European Union called for NATO to "view China's development rationally, stop exaggerating various forms of 'China threat theory' and not to use China's legitimate interests and legal rights as excuses for manipulating group politics [while] artificially creating confrontations."

The statement added that NATO's accusations were a "slander of China's peaceful development, a misjudgment of the international situation and its own role, and it is the continuation of a Cold War mentality and the group's political psychology at work."

"We will not pose a 'systemic challenge' to anyone, but if anyone wants to pose a 'systemic challenge' to us, we will not remain indifferent."

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NATO insists: China is 'not our enemy'

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg spoke about Chinese investment in Western infrastructure, likely referring to Chinese projects in Africa and a row over 5G networks built by Chinese telecoms giant Huawei. 

"China is coming closer to us. We see them in cyberspace, we see China in Africa, but we also see China investing heavily in our own critical infrastructure," Stoltenberg said.

"We need to respond together as an alliance."

However, Stoltenberg earlier stressed that: "We're not entering a new Cold War and China is not our adversary, not our enemy."

Watch video 00:45

NATO chief says 'no new Cold War' with China

Joe Biden, who was attending the alliance's summit for the first time as president of the United States, urged his fellow NATO leaders to stand up to China's authoritarianism.

Over the weekend, Biden and his fellow G7 leaders also scolded China over its human rights record, called for Hong Kong's high degree of autonomy and demanded a probe into the origins of the coronavirus in China.

The G7 also announced a new infrastructure fund which Biden said would be "much more equitable" than China's Belt and Road Initiative.

In response, China's embassy in London slammed the G7's "political manipulation" and said their statement exposed the "sinister intentions of a few countries such as the United States."

Nonetheless, several NATO leaders have acknowledged that cooperation with Beijing is crucial in tackling global issues like climate change. 

fb/rc (AFP, Reuters) 

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