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Amazon leaders sign rainforest preservation pact

September 7, 2019

Presidents and representatives from the Amazon region have agreed to coordinate rainforest preservation measures as wildfires continue to ravage the Amazon rainforest.

Smoke rises above the Amazon rainforest in August 2019
Image: Reuters/R. Moraes

Presidents and representatives from seven countries in South America's Amazon region met in Colombia on Friday to discuss a joint strategy for preserving the world's largest rainforest, which has been under threat from a record number of wildfires.

At the summit, the seven countries signed a pact to coordinate disaster response and satellite monitoring, along with creating an information network to enhance cooperation in the face of natural disasters like wildfires.

The pact will also increase cooperation on fighting causes of deforestation, including illegal mining and forest clearing for agriculture and drug trafficking. 

Read more: Amazon wildfires: Leaders pressure Brazil to quell 'international crisis'

Colombian President Ivan Duque said the Amazon countries were seeking backing from multilateral banks such as the Inter-American Development Bank. 

The meeting in Leticia, the capital of Colombia's Amazon region, brought together delegates from Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana and Suriname.

Bolsonaro's Amazonian 'sovereignty'

A notable absentee at the meeting was Jair Bolsonaro, the president of Brazil, where tens of thousands of forest fires have been recorded so far this year. Bolsonaro, who followed the summit via videoconference, did not attend because of upcoming surgery.

Brazil's foreign minister, Ernesto Araujo, represented the country at the meeting.

Bolsonaro had originally called for the meeting in response to international attempts at intervention, saying Latin American countries in the region should manage the situation themselves.

In his remarks during the meeting, Bolsonaro said the pact was an affirmation of each country's sovereignty.

Speaking by videoconference, Bolsonaro urged other leaders to resist calls to internationalize protection of the Amazon.

"We must take a strong position of defense of sovereignty so that each country can develop the best policy for the Amazon region, and not leave it in the hands of other countries," said Bolsonaro. 

Read more: Amazon versus Africa forest fires: Is the world really ablaze?

Kolumbien, Leticia: Amazonas-Länder beraten über Umwelt- und Entwicklungspolitik
The meeting in Leticia, the capital of Colombia's Amazon region, brought together delegates from Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana and Suriname.Image: picture-alliance/AP/F. Vergara

Critical climate region

The Brazilian leader, a climate-change skeptic, has come under international criticism over his environmental policies favoring agriculture and mining, which are thought to have encouraged farmers to start many fires to clear land for grazing and crops.

Almost 85,000 fires have been recorded in Brazil so far this year, 75% more than in the same period in 2018.

The fires in the Amazon region are of immense international concern, as the rainforest there has a decisive effect on both the regional and global climate while being one of the most biodiverse areas on Earth.

Read more: The Amazon: Vital for our planet 


wmr,tj/sms (Reuters, dpa, AFP)

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