Greeks are set to go to the polls in a general election in early 2015, after Prime Minister Antonis Samaras failed to get his candidate for president, Stavros Dimas, approved by parliament.
"Tomorrow I will visit the president and request... that elections be held as soon as possible, on January 25," Samaras said in an address broadcast live on Greek television.
The prime minister's statement came shortly after just 168 lawmakers voted to endorse Dimas, a former European Commissioner, as president, leaving him well short of the required 180 votes.
Under Greece's constitution, failure by the Athens parliament to elect a new president in three rounds of voting automatically triggers the dissolution of parliament within 10 days as well as a general election within weeks.
In the days leading up to the third round, Samaras had been desperate to get Dimas approved, as opinion polls over the past few months have consistently put support for the far-left opposition Syriza party ahead of his coalition government.
Terms of bailout at issue
Syriza is opposed to the terms of the international financial bailout, which has kept Greece from defaulting on its debts - and has vowed to seek to renegotiate them if it gets into government.
The party has also pledged to roll back some of the reforms implemented by Athens in
order for Greece to qualify for the billions of euros in rescue funds from the European Union and the International Monetary Fund.
However, according to a recent opinion poll conducted by the Aclo institute, while Syriza would become the biggest party in snap elections, it might not win enough seats to govern on its own.
The possibility of Syriza coming to power and calling the terms of Greece's bailout into question, has raised concerns throughout the 28-member European Union.
Berlin: Greek politics a domestic matter
However, after the results of Monday's results became known, a spokesperson for German Chancellor Angela Merkel declined to comment.
"Of course we are looking very closely what is happening in Greece," the spokesperson, Christiane Wirtz, told a press conference in Berlin. "But you have to understand that I cannot comment on Greek domestic events, especially those which are only a half hour old. Fundamentally we are talking about a Greek domestic matter."
Although Greece's economy has been showing some signs of recovery in recent months, unemployment remains stubbornly high at more than 25 percent.
pfd/rg (AFP, Reuters, AP)