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Skyline of the Frankfurt financial district
Germany's Bundesbank is located in the financial hub of FrankfurtImage: Boris Roessler/dpa/picture alliance

Germany's Bundesbank lowers 2022 growth forecast

December 17, 2021

High energy costs, supply bottlenecks and the omicron variant have cast a shadow over growth forecasts. But Germany's central bank remains positive in its outlook for 2023.


Germany's central bank revised its growth forecasts for 2022 on Friday amid constricted supply chains and the spread of the omicron variant.

The Bundesbank lowered its expected growth rate to 4.2%, down from the 5.2% it had forecast in June.

"The recovery has been somewhat pushed back," Bundesbank President Jens Weidmann said.

This is not the first time that the bank has had to bring down its estimates. Its economists are now expecting GDP growth in 2021 to reach 2.5%, although their earlier prognosis had been 3.7%.

Many countries had hoped to log higher growth figures than usual at present, given the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on world economies in 2020 and 2021.

German economy slows

Delayed pandemic recovery

The Bundesbank is more optimistic than other research institutes about the fortunes of Europe's biggest economy.

Expected growth in 2022 is based on predictions of an uptick in consumer spending.

"Consumers will spend more of their available income for a while than they did before the pandemic," Weidmann said.

The bank also expected that production supply bottlenecks would be resolved by the end of 2022, providing a temporary boost for exports.

Many of the gains anticipated for 2022 have thus been pushed back to 2023, with predicted growth of 1.7% now increased to 3.2% for that year. 

In 2024, the rate is expected to go back down to 0.9%.

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Rising costs driving inflation

Inflation is expected to reach 3.6% by the end of this year, measured in line with the harmonized consumer price index provided by the European Central Bank.

The German central bank pointed to the rising costs of raw materials and energy as the main culprit here.

Companies are also expected to pass on the costs arising from bottlenecks to their customers.

But the bank expected inflation to fall in 2023, to around 2.2% — which is still a relatively high level — for the following two years.

ab/msh (dpa, AFP, Reuters)

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