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Ukraine, Russia near deal on grain exports, says UN

July 13, 2022

Russia and Ukraine made enough progress on resolving their dispute over blocked grain exports that "a final agreement" could be reached next week, the UN and Turkey said after face-to-face talks in Istanbul.

Russian, Ukrainian and Turkishdelegations meet with UN officials in Istanbul
Russian and Ukrainian delegations met face-to-face in Istanbul to discuss a deal aimed at restoring grain exportsImage: TURKISH DEFENCE MINISTRY/REUTERS

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said he was hopeful that Russian and Ukrainian negotiators could reach a formal agreement to free up grain exports through the Black Sea as soon as next week.

Delegations from Ukraine, Russia, Turkey and the UN met for face-to-face talks in Istanbul on Wednesday to discuss the issue.

"We are hoping that we'll be able to reconvene very soon, I'm sure next week, and hopefully we'll be able to have a final agreement," Guterres said after the meeting.

He said there was "broad agreement" on a UN plan to ship millions of tons of grain blocked in Ukraine because of the war to world markets and enable Russia to also send out grain and fertilizer.

Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akar, who hosted the talks, said the parties agreed on "joint controls" at ports and on ways to "ensure the safety of the transfer routes" across the Black Sea.

He was also positive that a final agreement could be announced next week.

Ukraine struggles to get its wheat to the world

An estimated 22 million tons of grain are blocked in Ukraine, and pressure was growing to find a solution that would empty the silos in time for the upcoming harvest.

The UN Food and Agriculture Organization said the war in Ukraine was endangering food supplies for many developing nations, raising food prices globally and could worsen hunger for up to 181 million people.

Kyiv also accused Moscow of blocking, and sometimes stealing, its grain.

Moscow, however, denied this and said Kyiv is free to ship grain from its ports.

Hundreds of mines were dropped in the Black Sea by both sides.

Ukraine has refused to demine the area out of fear that Russia might then stage an amphibious assault on cities.

A plan proposed by the UN would see the shipments start along specific corridors, avoiding known locations of mines.

Meanwhile, international sanctions against Russia have also driven up the price of fertilizers, which is only exacerbating rising food prices.

Guterres said "substantive progress" has been made on all these issues.

Is scarcity Putin's weapon in Ukraine war?

lo/fb (Reuters, AFP)