1. Skip to content
  2. Skip to main menu
  3. Skip to more DW sites

South Korea urges North to honor peace pacts

October 11, 2020

A day after Pyongyang hosted a major rally to mark the 75th anniversary of the ruling party and show off a major new weapon, Seoul has issued a statement reminding North Korea of agreements in place to prevent fighting.

The North Korea anniversary rally on Saturday
Image: Reuters/KCNA

South Korea's presidential office said on Sunday that inter-Korean agreements to prevent armed clashes with North Korea must be respected.

North Korea's leader Kim Jong Un gave a speech on Saturday at the 75th anniversary of the foundation of the ruling Workers' Party, calling for greater cooperation between the two countries once the coronavirus pandemic is over.

But he also took the opportunity to unveil a massive new strategic weapon, what observers believe is an intercontinental ballistics missile (ICBM).

Read more: North Korea displays new giant missile at military parade

Analysts concurred that it was the largest road-mobile, liquid-fueled missile anywhere in the world, and was highly likely to be designed to carry multiple warheads in independent re-entry vehicles (MIRVs).

Jeffrey Lewis of the Middlebury Institute of International Studies said it was "clearly aimed at overwhelming the US missile defense system in Alaska."

"I'm pretty sure North Korea can add warheads faster than we can add interceptors," he wrote on Twitter.

South Korean analysis of weapons to come

South Korea's presidential Blue House said it held an emergency meeting of the National Security Council to discuss the weapons and the content of the speech.

"We emphasized various agreements made between the South and the North to prevent armed conflicts and war," it said in a statement.

Kim Jong Un's speech was also shown on South Korean TV
Kim Jong Un's speech was also shown on South Korean TVImage: Jung Yeon-Je/AFP/Getty Images

South Korea also expressed concern about the weapons, and said it would carry out analysis together with the United States.

In a separate statement, Seoul's Unification Ministry, which handles cross-border affairs, said Kim's speech would lead to peace and better ties, and expressed hopes for a resumption of dialogue on issues such as virus response and humanitarian aid.

Read more: North Korea and coronavirus: Hide-and-seek with the world

Rising tensions

The parade and speech came as the neighbors are at odds over the killing last month of a South Korean fisheries official by the North's troops after he went missing, an incident that shocked and enraged many in the South.

Seoul called for a joint investigation after finding that the soldiers killed the man and set him on fire, though Pyongyang said they just burned a flotation device he was using. Pyongyang later apologized.

On Sunday, the Blue House once more urged the North respond its request for investigation.

North Korea's new propaganda