On June 2, three men drove a van into civilians on London Bridge then exited the vehicle and stabbed people in restaurants and bars in the nearby Borough Market area. British police killed the three perpetrators, who were wearing fake suicide bomber vests, eight minutes after the first call was received by emergency services.
In March, an British Muslim attacker steered a car into pedestrians Westminster Bridge in the center of London before stabbing and killing a policeman inside parliament's grounds. Of the nearly 50 victims on the bridge, four eventually died of their injuries. British security forces shot the perpetrator dead.
In a series of incidents across the French capital at the start of the year, soldiers are targeted at the Louvre Museum in February and Paris' Orly airport in March. In April, a gunman opens fire on a police vehicle on the Champs Elysees, killing one officer. The attacker, identified as a 39-year-old Frenchman, is quickly shot dead by other officers.
Berlin, December 2016
Twelve people are killed shortly before Christmas, when the German capital becomes a target. A supporter of the "Islamic State" (IS) militant group steers a captured truck into a Christmas Market. A few days later, the 24-year-old Tunisian is shot dead in a police check in the Italian city of Milan.
Nice, July 2016
At least 86 people are killed when an attacker drives a truck into the crowded Promenade des Anglais in the southern French coastal resort. IS claims responsibility for the atrocity.
Brussels, March 2016
Islamist attackers detonate a number of bombs at the airport of the Belgian capital and in a metro station, killing 32 people.
Istanbul, January 2016
An IS suicide bomber blows himself up in the middle of a tourist group near the Hagia Sophia and the Blue Mosque, killing 12 Germans.