The Berlin Wall was constructed by the East German government in 1961. It cut off West Berlin from East Berlin and surrounding East Germany.
The Eastern Bloc claimed that the wall was erected to protect the socialist state, the GDR. The West maintained it was built to prevent the massive emigration at the time of the Cold War in Europe. On November 9, 1989, as the culmination of peaceful protests in the GDR, the Wall was destroyed and removed. The fall of the Berlin Wall paved the way for German reunification, which was formally concluded on October 3, 1990. Twenty-five years on, the Wall remains a distinct memory in Germany; here's DW's latest content on the topic.
Almost three decades since German reunification, a rise of far-right violence, and growing economic disparity signals anything but a united Germany. Hosts Damien McGuinness and Michaela Küfner are joined by DW's Linda Vierecke and The Economist's Conny Günther to ask: just how united is Germany?
Germans' uneasy relationship with their history is once again being tested, this time over controversial plans for a memorial to the country's reunification. This week, the project may come one step closer to completion.
As the German director celebrates 30 years of his epic tale of walled Berlin with a newly restored version, he recalls how GDR officials shelved an East Berlin shoot since the protagonists could 'walk through walls.'