The Berlin Wall was constructed by the East German government in 1961. It cut off West Berlin from East Berlin and surrounding East Germany.
The Eastern Bloc claimed that the wall was erected to protect the socialist state, the GDR. The West maintained it was built to prevent the massive emigration at the time of the Cold War in Europe. On November 9, 1989, as the culmination of peaceful protests in the GDR, the Wall was destroyed and removed. The fall of the Berlin Wall paved the way for German reunification, which was formally concluded on October 3, 1990. Twenty-five years on, the Wall remains a distinct memory in Germany; here's DW's latest content on the topic.
Countries across Eastern Europe are marking 30 years since the end of communism. In 1989, the most dramatic scenes played out in November when the Berlin Wall fell. But the first big shift was in Poland five months earlier: partially free elections pushed out the communist government and paved the way for free market reforms. But what have these changes meant for women? Alexa Dvorson reports.