1. Skip to content
  2. Skip to main menu
  3. Skip to more DW sites

Macron accuses Turkey of breaching Libya agreement

January 29, 2020

The French president has accused Turkey of "a violation" in Libya by sending warships and fighters. World powers backing opposing Libyan factions had agreed to an arms embargo at a summit in Berlin earlier this month.

A fighter of Libya s UN-backed Government of National Accord
Image: Imao-Images/Xinhua/A. Salahuddien

French President Emmanuel Macron has accused Turkey of violating the agreement established at a Berlin summit to rein in the Libya conflict by halting foreign interference, saying Turkish warships and Syrian fighters arrived in the North African country.

"In the past few days — in the past few days! — we saw Turkish ships accompanied by Syrian mercenaries arriving on Libyan soil. This is an explicit and serious violation of the Berlin agreements," said Macron on Wednesday after meeting with the Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis in Paris.

'Attack on Libyan sovereignty'

The Turkish government's actions are entirely contradictory to what Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan had committed to at the Berlin summit earlier this month, Macron asserted.

"It is a violation of his given word, it is an attack on the sovereignty of Libya and it is an attack on the security of all Europeans and inhabitants of the Sahel. I want to say this emphatically," he continued.

Macron's comments come a week after world powers backing opposing Libyan factions had agreed to an arms embargo at a conference hosted by Germany.

Read more: Why Turkey's Libya commitment angers Arab nations

Turkey blames France

In response to Macron's accusations, Turkey blamed France for the instability in Libya. "The main [actor] responsible for the problems in Libya since the crisis started in 2011 is France," said Turkey's foreign minister Hami Aksoy in a statement.

Aksoy said Macron was "trying to set the agenda with fanciful claims."

Earlier on Wednesday, the Turkish military said four frigates and a refueling ship were located outside of Libya's territorial waters in the central Mediterranean, in order to support NATO operations in the region and conduct security activities for maritime trade routes.

Read more: Berlin Libya conference: A first step toward peace?

Strategic security partnership

After meeting with Greek Prime Minister Mitsotakis, Macron also announced on Wednesday a strategic security partnership which included an increased presence of the French Navy in Greece.

The French president reiterated that he supported EU members Greece and Cyprus and condemned Turkish interference and provocation, referring to natural gas drilling by Turkish ships in Cyprus' exclusive economic zone.

Read more: Who will monitor a Libya cease-fire?

Power struggle in Libya: Does peace have a chance?

Earlier breaches

After the Berlin summit, on January 25, the United Nations said that several countries which back rival factions in Libya had violated the arms embargo since the agreement.

The UN mission to Libya (UNSMIL) said cargo planes full of advance weapons, armored vehicles, advisers and fighters had arrived at western and eastern Libyan airports, which risked "plunging the country into a renewed and intensified round of fighting.”

Read more: Germany urges Libya's neighbors to help find solutions

The UN-backed Government of National Accord, led by Fayez Sarraj in Tripoli, is backed by Turkey, Qatar and Italy — while rival faction Libyan National Army, led by military strongman Khalifa Haftar, is supported by Russia, France, the UAE and Egypt.

Libya has been in a state of turmoil since the ouster and killing of longtime dictator Muammar Gaddafi in a NATO-backed uprising in 2011 and has become a battleground for proxy forces.

DW's editors send out a selection of the day's hard news and quality feature journalism. Sign up here.

mmc/se (AFP, Reuters, dpa)