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Germany urged to confront China at EU summit

May 11, 2020

Rights advocates are urging Germany to use its hosting of an EU-China summit due in September to confront Beijing over repression.

German and Chinese flags
Image: Imago-Images/photothek/T. Truschel

An EU summit with China due in Leipzig in September faces doubts, according to a report in the Süddeutsche Zeitung (SZ) daily on Monday. 

Berlin's reply to an opposition Greens parliamentary question about the EU summit had exposed a German government "significantly more reticent" to broach China's rights record, reported the SZ.

Leipzig would be an "event of the EU under the presidency of the European Council of Ministers," the German government had told Greens parliamentarian Margarete Bause, adding diplomatically that it observed with "concern" a "weakening of international human rights standards" in China.

Bause, in her reaction to the SZ, accused Germany, which from July assumes the EU's rotating presidency, of pretending to be sitting at a "side table in Brussels."

Instead, Bause told SZ, Germany should use its "weight" within the 27-member bloc to broach China's "systematic human rights abuses, repression, total surveillance and censorship."

Amid speculation that the event could end up as a video conference, Nicolai von Ondarza, senior researcher at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP), had last month forecast that "many" topics such as a "green deal" on climate protection and digitalization would be "pushed back into the year 2021."

The chairman of the Bundestag's human rights committee, opposition Free Democrat Gyde Jensen, told SZ  that Chancellor Angela Merkel must make it clear to Chinese leader Xi Jinping that "for the EU human rights are not negotiable."

Querying China's role in the current pandemic should also be at the top of Merkel's agenda, she said.

Read more: Sieren's China: EU-China relationship to test Angela Merkel

Preparations on ‘low flame'

Preparations for the Leipzig summit — billed by Merkel at January's Davos Economic Forum as a "first-ever" between China and Europe and focused on climate and trade — has since been put on "low flame," said the SZ, citing Brussels sources.

It went on to quote veteran German Green Reinhard Bütikofer, the head of the European Parliament's 37-member panel for relations with China: "Merkel will not be able to present many results" in Leipzig.

In climate protection, said Bütikofer, not much was happening, given that the UN-summit in Glasgow planned for November had to be been postponed.

And, given escalating trade spats between the United States and China, "Beijing cannot give Brussels anything that Washington would immediately demand for itself," added Bütikofer.

Expectations 'too high'

Merkel had raised expectations too high, Noah Barkin of the German Marshall Fund told SZ, adding that Germany held back in criticizing China's foreign policy.

Christian Democrat (CDU), Jürgen Hardt, foreign policy spokesman for Merkel's conservative bloc in the German Bundestag parliament, said: "Especially in these difficult times, we need to strengthen international cooperation - also with challenging partners like China."

During September's Leipzig summit "clear text" must be spoken, including, said Hardt, German insistence that China transparently disclose the source of the corona crisis in Wuhan.

ipj/aw (AFP, Reuters)

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