At the re:publica digital conference in Berlin, German President Frank Walter Steinmeier called out social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter and YouTube for political debates that "so often tend to be toxic."
German President Frank Walter Steinmeier gave an impassioned speech at the re:publica internet conference in Berlin on Monday, calling on social media platforms to "take more responsibility for democracy."
His call came five months after Germany enacted a hate speech law compelling social media companies to delete offensive or hateful posts.
Steinmeier called for a more civilized culture of debate on the internet, wondering why political debates "so often tend to be toxic."
"If the future of democracy is close to our hearts, then we need to pay attention to the political debate culture on the internet," the German president said. "After many words and announcements, after rounds of talks and political photo opportunities, it is time for Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and Co to finally take more responsibility for democracy."
Crystal clear seals of origin
Steinmeier called for "democratic regulations" and concrete measures, as well as "crystal clear seals of origin for information, especially when it comes to political advertising."
But the most urgent task, he said, was not the "digitalization of democracy, but the democratization of digital space."
The two-day convention in the German capital is showcasing more than 400 lectures and discussions, which touch on the future of media, new platforms and the handling of populist content.
More than 20,000 people from 82 countries took part in last year's convention, which organizers called the largest digitalization and society in Europe.
Germany tackling hate speech
At the start of this year, Germany implemented a new "network enforcement law" (NetzDG) designed to crack down on hate speech and illegal content on the internet. Under new rules, any internet platform with more than 2 million users had to delete flagged content within 24 hours of a complaint, or face a fine of up to €50 million ($56 million).
The law applies to Facebook, Twitter, Google, YouTube, Instagram and Snapchat, though professional networking services like Xing and LinkedIn as well as messaging services like WhatsApp are excluded. The legislation has been criticized, in particular by Germany's far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) party, for being a form of censorship.
Read more: Angela Merkel bids farewell to Facebook
Germany has also scrutinized Facebook — as well as other Apple and Alphabet, Google's parent company — regarding their handling of personal data. In February, the Federal Cartel Office, Germany's antitrust watchdog, imposedrestrictions on the amount of personal data the social media giant can collect. Later that month, a Berlin-based court found Facebook's use of personal data to be illegal.
In recent months, Facebook has made a concerted effort to remove extremist individuals, groups and content from its platform. Last week, Facebook announced it had banned multiple extremist figures, including far-right personalities Alex Jones and Milo Yiannopoulos, after banning several British far-right groups in April. It also instituted a ban on white nationalist content in March.
dv/jm (dpa, epd)