NATO said the airspace of its member Estonia was breached for about one minute during Tuesday's intrusion by a Russian Ilyushin-20 surveillance aircraft.
The reported incident coincides with lingering Russian-NATO tensions over Ukraine.
Recounting the incident late Wednesday, the Western alliance said from Brussels that the propeller plane had taken off from the Russian Baltic enclave of Kaliningrad on Tuesday.
It approached Denmark, prompting an interception by Danish F-16 fighter jets and then while flying north by jets from non-NATO member Sweden.
Nearly four hours later, it turned south and intruded for less than one minute into "NATO airspace" near Estonia's island of Saaremaa.
A NATO statement said this leg of the Ilyushin's flight "represented an incursion of about 600 meters (yards) into NATO airspace," it said.
Portuguese F-16s based in Lithuania then escorted the Russian plane away from Estonia.
A NATO source quoted by Reuters said interceptions of Russian military aircraft have increased since March when Moscow annexed Ukraine's Crimea region.
On Monday, NATO pilots had intercepted a Russian aircraft over the Baltic Sea, but on that occasion there was no incursion, said an alliance spokesman.
Since last Friday, the Swedish navy has been combing Baltic Sea waters off Stockholm after reported sightings of a foreign submarine.
ipj/tj (dpa, Reuters, AFP, AP)