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Mike Pompeo and Retno Marsudi at a press conference in Jakarta.
Image: Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs/AP/picture alliance

US seeks Indonesia alliance against China maritime claims

October 29, 2020

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo is on a tour to forge new alliances in Asia, with Indonesia high on his list. Washington, which is increasingly at odds with Beijing on regional issues, aims to build new bridges.


US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo underlined US interest in cooperating with Indonesia in the South China Sea during a visit to Jakarta on Thursday. 

"I am looking forward to co-operating together in new ways to ensure maritime security protects some of the world's busiest trade routes," Pompeo told a joint press conference with his Indonesian counterpart Retno Marsudi. 

Marsudi, meanwhile, said she wanted a stable and peaceful South China Sea where international maritime law is respected. 

Read more: US, India sign defense pact on sharing satellite data

China, Brunei, Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, and Taiwan have overlapping claims to parts of the South China Sea — one of the most important trade routes in the world. Jakarta has often positioned itself as an "honest broker" in these disputes but has clashed with Beijing over its own exclusive economic zone, for example when it comes to fishing.

Renewed China attack

Ahead of the US election, Pompeo repeated past assertions against China, with which US relations have deteriorated in recent times. He praised Indonesia's efforts to safeguard its interests while slamming China's "unlawful" claims. 

Pompeo also took aim at China's treatment of Muslim Uighurs during his trip to Muslim-majority Indonesia, describing Beijing as the "gravest threat" to religious freedom.

Read more: 'Unfavorable views' of China reach historic highs, new report finds

In a speech to the youth wing of Indonesia's largest Muslim group, the Nahdlatul Ulama, Pompeo urged Indonesians not to "look away from the torments of your fellow Muslims."

Rights groups say that over 1 million Uighurs have been forced into camps in China's northwestern Xinjiang region in a bid to root out the community's Islamic heritage.

Beijing has denied the numbers and describes the camps as vocational centers. Criticism over the situation has been muted in Indonesia, where China is its biggest trade partner.

Pompeo is also expected to meet Indonesian President Joko Widodo during his visit. 

Pompeo is on a five-nation tour in Asia, to strengthen US relations in the region. Prior to visiting Indonesia, he visited India, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives. He will be flying to Vietnam later on Thursday. 

rs, tg/rc (AP, Reuters, AFP)

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