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Venezuela to remove five zeros from currency

July 26, 2018

In a bid to combat hyperinflation, Venezuela has unveiled new paper money with five fewer zeros. It comes after the IMF warned that the nation's inflation could reach one million percent this year.

Venezuela Bolivar Geldscheine
Image: Getty Images/AFP/F. Parra

Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro on Wednesday announced the removal of five zeros from the country's currency — two more than originally planned — as the government struggles to control a relentless rise in inflation.   

The announcement came two days after the International Monetary Fund (IMF) warned that Venezuela's inflation could top 1 million percent this year.

Read more: Venezuela secures oil-sector funding from China

The new bills will begin circulating on August 20.

Maduro previously said new bolivar bills with three zeros fewer would enter circulation on August 4 — a measure already pushed back from June 4 at the request of banks.

The latest measure, according to Maduro, seeks to "protect" local currency. "Five zeros fewer, so that we may have a new, stable financial and monetary system," he said.

Venezuela's million percent inflation

The president said the monetary conversion will spark "great revolutionary changes in the economy, which Venezuela demands."

Deep crisis

Venezuela sits atop the world's largest proven oil reserves, but it is five years into an economic crisis with shortages of food and medicine that is driving mass migration.

President Maduro, who won a second six-year term as president in May despite the deep economic crisis, blames the poor state of the county's economy on an economic war that he says is being waged by the United States and Europe.

Early this week, IMF officials compared Venezuela's economic turmoil to Germany's after World War I and Zimbabwe's at the beginning of the last decade. They said Venezuela's economic fall was among the world's deepest in the past six decades.

The IMF also projected the Venezuelan economy to contract by 18 percent this year amid falling oil production.

Read more: Venezuela's hyperinflation soars to 24,571 percent

On Wednesday, Maduro spoke on national television to his economic team, also vowing a renewed focus on Venezuela's failing oil sector, but providing no details for improving crude production.

For ordinary Venezuelans, paper money is hard to get. The largest bill in the country today is the 100,000-bolivar note, equal to less than 1 cent on the commonly used black market exchange rate. A simple lunch easily costs 3 million bolivars.

sri/tr (AP, AFP, dpa)