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India signs deal with France for Rafale jets

September 23, 2016

New Delhi has signed a deal with France's Dassault Aviation to buy 36 Rafale fighter jets. The agreement comes amid heightened tensions between Pakistan and India, including an attack on an Indian air base.

Frankreich Luftwaffe Kampfjets
Image: picture alliance/dpa/Ecpad Handout

French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian and his Indian counterpart Manohar Parrikar signed the deal in New Delhi on Friday. Parrikar tweeted a message confirming the agreement and saying that acquiring the fighter planes would significantly improve India's defense capacities.

The exact costs of the deal were not yet confirmed, but reports estimated the price at 7.8 billion euros ($8.7 billion). The first planes were scheduled to begin arriving in 2019.

Dassault Aviation, which manufactures Rafale, said it welcomed the deal. It had been put off for over a year and a half as India and France wrangled over costs and bureaucracy. India had originally ordered 126 jets from Dassault in 2012. However talks collapsed, leading to a prolonged delay until India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi agreed on a smaller order of 36 planes in the short term.

The Indian Air Force has been long demanding that the government replenish its fleet, down to 33 squadrons against its requirement of 45. Military officials have been warning of a potential disaster in the face of threats from China and Pakistan.

Pakistani artists in India face threats

The deal comes amid heightened tensions between India and Pakistan in recent months, peaking with an attack on the Uri military base in India-administered Kashmir earlier this week. On Friday, Pakistan's foreign ministry criticized India's UN envoy for calling Pakistan a "terrorist state" at the General Assembly.

The Indian envoy had earlier reacted to a statement where Pakistan demanded that the UN investigate rights abuses in Kashmir. Pakistan said New Delhi could not "wish away" the dispute in Kashmir, which has been in turmoil ever since Indian forces killed alleged terrorist Burhan Wani two months ago.

News website The Quint posted a summary of India's UN envoy, Eenam Gambhir's speech.

Rising tensions are meanwhile affecting the lives of several Pakistani citizens in India, including popular Bollywood film stars Fawad Khan and Mahira Khan. Earlier on Friday, Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS), a right-wing party active in the western state of Maharashtra issued a threatening message.

"We will give a 48-hour deadline to Pakistani actors and artists to leave India, or MNS will push them out. Pakistani artists will get beaten up. Along with them, we will also beat up whichever producer or director is with them," MNS leader Amey Khopkar told news agencies.

The organization also threatened to block the release of actor Fawad Khan's latest Bollywood film.

Talks between the two countries have repeatedly stalled over India's demands for more information on the attack's planners, but Pakistan says the Kashmir issue needs to be solved first.

Earlier this year, prospects for better relations emerged when Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi made a surprise appearance at Nawaz Sharif's birthday party in Lahore, but the latest strike at Uri and another military base in India in early 2016 have again stalled negotiations.

Pakistan separated from India in 1947, after the subcontinent gained independence from British colonial rule. Kashmir, a kingdom at the time, seceded to the government in New Delhi and gained a special autonomous status in the Indian constitution. Separatist leaders in the Himalayan valley have been demanding independence, but both India and Pakistan stake a claim to the region.

mg/msh (Reuters, AFP)