The German government on Wednesday signed off on a landmark bill to boost the number of female executives in the country's corporate boardrooms after companies failed to voluntarily close the gender gap.
Listed companies with four executives or more must appoint at least one woman to their boards, according to a draft law to be voted on by parliament.
The law sends "a very strong signal," Justice Minister Christine Lambrecht told reporters, urging corporations to "take advantage of the opportunity presented by highly qualified women."
"We can show that Germany is on the way to becoming a modern society fit for the future," Family Affairs Minister Franziska Giffey said.
Germany lagging behind
Just 12.8% of management board members at Germany's 30 largest listed companies — those in Frankfurt's blue-chip DAX index — are women, according to the AllBright Foundation, which works to promote boardroom diversity.
By comparison, women take up 28.6% of top roles in the United States, 24.5% in Britain and 22.2% in France, AllBright said.
Female representation has fallen back in Germany during the coronavirus pandemic. It is the only major economy to see such a decline, with 11 DAX companies still led by all-male board executives, AllBright said in October.
Women earn an average of 20% less than men in Germany, compared with 14% less across the European Union.
Companies in which the government holds a majority stake will have stricter rules, with at least one woman on management boards with more than two members.
German research institute DIW said it welcomed the women's quota but noted that female participation in management boards continues to move at a "snail's pace."
Germany not 'very progressive'
Former Siemens executive Janina Kugel, now a consultant and equalities campaigner, told DW that the new quota would be "a very important signal."
"The perception of Germany is that, because we've had a female chancellor for the last 15 years, Germany is very progressive in that matter,but actually it is not,"she said.
"It's very conservative when it comes to role models' behavior and what men should doand women should do."
The agreement will build upon a 2015 law that ensures a 30% quota for women on German supervisory boards.
Sitting on a supervisory board is a non-executive role. Its members are usually chosen by company shareholders. Their job is to promote good governance, hire and fire senior management and review major business decisions taken by the chief executive.
Jennifer Morgan became the first woman CEO of a German blue-chip company last year, as co-leader of business software group SAP.
But she stepped down in April, leaving Christian Klein as the company's sole CEO.
However, Belen Garijo is set to take over the reins of pharmaceutical firm Merck in May.
Daimler, the Stuttgart-based auto giant, has two female executives currently serving on its management board.
jf/nm (AFP, dpa)