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Maulvi Arsala Rahmani
Image: Reuters

Afghanistan peace efforts

May 14, 2012

The assassination of senior Afghan peace negotiator Arsala Rahmani, who was given the task to broker peace with the Taliban, is seen by many as another major blow to the fragile peace process in war-torn Afghanistan.


Arsala Rahmani, a former higher education minister in the Taliban regime, was one of those very few people in Afghanistan who could reach out to his former comrades to achieve peace and stability in Afghanistan. A close ally of President Hamid Karzai, he was a "key negotiator" in the High Peace Council (HPC), which was established by President Karzai to broker peace with Islamist insurgents. His assassination on Sunday is widely seen as a major blow to Kabul's peace efforts.

The Taliban, who pulled out of the US-led preliminary peace talks in Qatar in March, have denied involvement in Rahmani's killing.

The US, which is supporting the Afghan government's peace efforts with the Taliban, is winding-up its operations in Afghanistan after a decade-long war against Islamist militants. Most NATO troops are scheduled to withdraw from Afghanistan in 2014.

NATO's International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) has condemned Rahmani’s assassination.

"Rahmani, a former Taliban member, chose to make a positive contribution to his nation by turning his back on an insurgent movement that continues to be wholly detrimental to the future of Afghanistan," ISAF said. "His decision to help make the future brighter for Afghans serves as an inspiration to us all and his contributions will be missed."

Peace Council members targeted

Former Afghan President Burhanuddin Rabbani
Kabul accuses Islamabad of plotting the murder of former Afghan President RabbaniImage: dapd

Rahmani is not the first peace negotiator targeted by the militants. Former Afghan President Burhanuddin Rabbani, who previously headed the HPC, was assassinated last September by an insurgent. His death was seen as a serious setback for government’s reconciliation efforts with the Taliban.

Maulvi Shahzada Shahid, a member of the HPC, told DW that the death of Rahmani did not augur well for the peace efforts in Afghanistan.

"First Burhanuddin Rabbani, former Afghan President, was killed, and then Mohammad Hashim Munib was murdered in the Kumar province. Now we mourn the loss of Rahmani, another important member of the Peace Council," Shahid said, adding that if such incidents continued, peace efforts in Afghanistan would not bear fruit.

Last month, Afghan President Karzai appointed Salahuddin Rabbani, son of Burhanuddin Rabbani, to replace his father as head of the HPC, however there are no signs that the Taliban militants are ready to reciprocate Kabul's goodwill gestures.

Islamabad's role

US President Barack Obama meets with Afghan President Hamid Karzai in New York
NATO forces will leave Afghanistan by the end of 2014Image: AP

Many Afghanistan experts are of the view that Islamabad’s reluctance to support Afghan peace efforts is causing serious problems for the Afghan government.

The Afghan government had accused Islamabad of plotting Rabbani's murder. Kabul categorically said that Pakistan's spy agency the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) had orchestrated Rabbani's assassination, a charge that Islamabad denies.

Though Kabul has not yet blamed Islamabad for Rahmani's assassination, the Pakistani government was quick to condemn the murder and vow its support for Afghan peace.

"Pakistan would continue to support all efforts that contribute to an Afghan-led and Afghan-owned peace and reconciliation process in Afghanistan," the Foreign Ministry said.

But some experts are suspicious of Islamabad's commitment to Afghan peace, as they believe Pakistan is not ready to abort its "covert support" of the Taliban. This, in their opinion, is causing serious problems for Washington, which needs Afghan peace efforts to succeed for a respectable exit from Afghanistan.

Dr. Naeem Ahmed, professor of International Relations at Karachi University, told DW that Pakistan wanted "to see a bigger role for the Taliban in Afghanistan."

"Washington and Kabul also want to take the Taliban on board, and they are already conducting secret talks with some of their factions, but they want to exclude Pakistan from these negotiations," he added. "That is not going down well with Islamabad."

Recently, senior US officials have once again voiced their dissatisfaction with Islamabad's commitment to the "war on terror." Experts say that things are likely to get worse between Islamabad and Kabul, and for that matter between Islamabad and Washington, if the Afghan government chooses to blame Pakistan for Rahmani’s murder.

Author: Shamil Shams (Reuters, dpa)
Editor: Rob Mudge

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