Islamic fundamentalist nationalist movement in Afghanistan which has its roots in neighboring Pakistan.
The Taliban (which translates as “students”) were in power in Afghanistan from 1996-2001 and enforced their strict interpretation of the Sharia law. Since the US-led invasion in 2001 and the toppling of the Taliban regime, the insurgents are again on the rise.
Over 90 prominent opponents of Afghan President Ghani are meeting Taliban representatives in Moscow to discuss peace. The move has further sidelined the president and could pave the way for US exit from Afghanistan.