German Health Minister Jens Spahn said Friday that Germany had broken the third wave of the coronavirus pandemic.
Spahn said that despite the number of infections falling, he urged the public to remain cautious and to abide by regulations.
"Every week that the infection numbers fall increases the chances of a good summer," he said. But, "we must be pragmatic and patient."
He called on people to keep adhering to regulations, such as maintaining distance and limiting group size. He said the prioritization scheme for vaccinations would be dropped on June 7 as planned, but that "not everyone can be vaccinated straightaway."
Lothar Wieler from the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) for infectious diseases underscored the need to follow restrictions.
"Let us use the summer and weaken the virus outbreak as much as possible before winter," he urged. "We must not let the virus get the upper hand."
What about the vaccination passport?
Spahn also urged patience on rollout of a digital vaccination pass. In the meantime, however, people will be issued paper vaccine certificates that should function much like the yellow fever certificate required for traveling to certain countries.
"If we achieve a QR code concept across the EU, which is recognized as a vaccine passport, it would be a world-first. These things take time," he said.
He said he would involve doctors and pharmacists into the digitalization process.
European Union member states and the European Parliament agreed on the practicalities of the certificate on Thursday. Spahn said it should be ready by the end of June.
How is the vaccine rollout going?
Spahn said two-thirds of people who were willing and able to be vaccinated had received at least one vaccination. More than 70% of people over 60 have been vaccinated at least once, and 10.9 million people are fully vaccinated.
Everyone should have the opportunity for a vaccine by the end of September.
Wieler said the vaccination campaign was moving forward and that surveys showed a very high acceptance rate among the public.
For herd immunity, at least 80% of the population should get vaccinated or have recovered from the virus, Wieler said.
What about children?
Once vaccines for children are fully approved, inoculation will remain optional and up to the parents. However, Wieler noted that children are also susceptible to serious COVID infections causing hospitalization and death, as well as long COVID. Therefore, he is recommending vaccinations for children as well.
He said with children heavily affected by the lockdowns, infections will also limit their ability to go to school.
Information on long COVID among children is still sparse, but more definitive data should come soon.