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Explosion in Beirut
Image: picture-alliance/Xinhua/B. Jawich
PoliticsGlobal issues

EU offers trade perks as Lebanon in economic jeopardy

August 6, 2020

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said trade benefits were being explored after Beirut's port blast. French President Emmanuel Macron arrived in the Lebanese capital hoping to foster a global response.


The European Union offered preferential trade to Lebanon on Thursday as the Middle Eastern country's state and central bank face financial meltdown in the wake of the port explosion in Beirut.

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said the bloc was ready to step in to aid Lebanon with preferential trade and customs backing. She made the announcement after a phone call with Lebanese Prime Minister Hassan Diab in which von der Leyen pledged €33 million ($39 million) in emergency aid.

Read more: 'Apocalyptic' scenes as Lebanon reels from trauma and rage

"The Commission stood ready to explore how to boost our trade relations in this challenging time, in particular in the form of further preferential trade and customs facilitation," von der Leyen said in a statement.

The EU has already sent more than 100 firefighters and a military vessel for medical evacuation to the Lebanese capital.

Tuesday's blast killed at least 137 people, wounding 5,000 more and has left up to 300,000 citizens homeless. Beirut's port was destroyed, causing up to $15 billion (€12.6 billion) in damage.

Very limited financial capacity

Von der Leyen pledged to help in assessing Beirut's reconstruction, as well as support in discussions with international financial institutions to access further financial aid.

This assistance appears imperative at a time when the Lebanese state and central bank have "very limited" financial capacity to cope with the impact of the explosion, its economy minister said.

Read more: Beirut deadly blast: What makes ammonium nitrate so dangerous?

Raoul Nehme told Sky News Arabia: "The capacity of the state is very limited, and so is that of the central bank and the banks. He added: "We're not swimming in dollars."

He said working with the International Monetary Fund was the only way out for Lebanon, which was already wrestling with a dollar crunch and financial meltdown before Tuesday's blast.

Chemist: 'Indications of a massive regulatory failure' in Beirut blast

Macron seeks global effort

French President Emmanuel Macron said he wanted to coordinate international assistance upon arrival in Beirut.

Macron, who is the first foreign leader to visit the Lebanese capital since the port warehouse explosion, said: "I want to organize European cooperation and, more broadly, international cooperation." 

The French president will only stay for a few hours as he surveyed the port in its current state. He also met with the country's top officials.

France has long sought to support its former colony and is sending emergency aid, but diplomats say it has become increasingly concerned about corruption, while pressing for reforms for some time.

Emmanuel Macron in Beirut
French President Emmanuel Macron visits the site of the explosion that killed at least 137 people and wounded some 5,000 othersImage: Reuters/Tele Liban

Red Cross future fears

The International Committee of the Red Cross spokesperson, Rona Halabi, said in an interview with DW that the humanitarian organization were looking into ways of facilitating the movement of goods coming into the country, hoping to use other ports, though recognizing those import areas have a limited capacity.

Halabi also feared for the long-term ramifications on Lebanon's already buckling economy, with a potential return of the unrest witnessed last year

"We're talking about protests that happened in October and economic crisis, dire economic conditions," she said, before adding that the country's "health system is already stretched because of the COVID-19 pandemic."

Humanitarian aid needed in Beirut: Raymond Tarabay (Malteser International) speaks to DW

jsi/aw (AP, AFP, dpa, Reuters)

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