Right-wing members of the conservative CDU/CSU alliance have questioned Germany's constitutional right to asylum and its commitment to an international migration treaty. Bavaria's state premier does not want any changes.
"The individual constitutional right to asylum is for me inviolable," Söder told the Die Welt am Sonntag newspaper.
Friedrich Merz, a candidate to replace German Chancellor Angela Merkel as CDU leader, sparked an outcry earlier this week after he called for a debate on whether Germany should keep the constitutional provision. He eventually retracted the statement.
Söder, a member of the CDU's Bavarian sister party, the CSU, said the debate about the individual right to asylum was too "theoretical." Migration policy was about taking "practical steps" that the government had already taken, he said.
Need for international cooperation
Söder also said that the UN migration pact made sense because global migration challenges could not be solved by one country alone.
"National measures always have to be conducted in tandem with international ones," he said. "Otherwise, they lead to nothing."