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Germany has set itself the ambitious goal of becoming carbon neutral by 2045. But the war in Ukraine and steeply rising global prices for energy are threatening to throw the plan into disorder.
Germany wants to shut down its three remaining nuclear reactors by the end of the year making good on a pledge by former Chancellor Angela Merkel to end hazardous atomic power generation.
The current government led by Olaf Scholz is seeking to phase out the use of coal as quickly as possible, "ideally" by 2030. Both Scholz and Merkel were originally banking on cheap Russian gas to bridge the period until renewable forms of energy like wind, solar and hydrogen will cover all of Germany's energy needs.
But Russia's war against Ukraine and calls for a complete ban of oil and gas imports from the country have raised the stakes for Germany in the global scramble for tighter energy supplies.