Two Dalit children beaten to death in India for defecating in open | News | DW | 26.09.2019
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Two Dalit children beaten to death in India for defecating in open

Two children were beaten to death in central India for defecating in the open. The killings underline the violence sometimes unleashed to enforce Prime Minister Narendra Modi's flagship cleanliness drive.

Two men have been arrested in central India on charges of killing two children who were defecating in the open in their village, police said on Thursday. The children — a 10-year-old boy and a 12-year-old girl — belonged to the Dalit community, the lowest caste in India's ancient caste system.   

They were attacked on Wednesday while they were on their way to their grandfather's house in Shivpuri district in the central state of Madhya Pradesh. "It was early morning and they had stopped to attend to nature's call" when they were attacked, police inspector general Raja Babu Singh told the AFP news agency by phone. "The kids were taken to the hospital, but they succumbed to their injuries."

Read more: Why sanitation in Asia requires more than just toilets

The police have arrested two brothers named by the father of one of the children after preliminary investigations.

The dead boy's father Manoj Balmiki told the police that he did not have a toilet at home and the two brothers had objected to the children defecating in the open near their home, the Indian Express newspaper reported.

Indian laws bar discrimination against Dalits, but incidents of atrocities and violence against low-caste groups are reported regularly.

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A major issue

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi is set to declare India free of open-air defecation on October 2, coinciding with the 150th birthday of independence hero Mahatma Gandhi, who also campaigned vigorously for better sanitation. Modi, currently in his second term, launched his Clean India Mission in 2014, promising to build toilets for all by 2019.

His government said it has built more than 100 million toilets under the $20 billion (€18.3 billion) initiative. The multibillion-dollar campaign combines raising awareness, subsidies for building latrines, and communal naming and shaming of those still relieving themselves in the open.

Modi this week also received an award from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation for his government's efforts to eliminate open defecation in India.

"I dedicate this award to all those Indians who transformed the 'Clean India Mission' into a people's movement and started giving cleanliness the highest priority in their daily lives," Modi said after collecting the award from billionaire philanthropist and Microsoft founder Bill Gates.

Critics, however, say lack of running water, poor maintenance and slow behavior change are hampering the program. Catching those defecating in the open has previously resulted in violence. In 2017, a man was lynched after he tried to stop authorities from photographing women who were defecating in the open. A news channel earlier urged viewers to send in images of those defecating in the open so they could be shamed on national television.

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Building toilets to save lives in India

sri/sms (AFP, dpa)

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