In a hard-hitting speech before the UN General Assembly in New York on Tuesday, Sept 23, French President Nicolas Sarkozy demanded that those responsible for the global financial turbulence be punished and called for a "regulated capitalism."
"Today, millions of people across the world fear for their savings, for their apartment, for the funds they have put in banks. It is our duty to give them clear answers," the French president, who chairs the EU's presidency, said. "Who is responsible for this disaster? May those who are responsible be punished and held accountable," he said.
In his first public statements on the financial crisis which has rattled world markets and sparked a $700 billion US rescue package, Sarkozy urged major powers to devise a new form of regulated market economics that would prevent the excesses behind the current credit crisis which felled investment bank Lehman Brothers.
He however did not spell out who was responsible for the global upheaval, how the system should be reformed and why governments in Europe and the US did not act earlier to stem the crisis.
Sarkozy calls for world summit to tackle crisis
Addressing the 63rd session of the UN General Assembly which has been dominated by the financial upheaval on Wall Street, Sarkozy urged world leaders to draw lessons from the global financial crisis, rebuild a system that regulates the markets, curb speculation, increase transparency and punish the reckless.
"It's the duty of heads of state and government of the countries most directly concerned to meet before the end of the year to examine together the lessons of the most serious financial crisis the world has experienced since that of the 1930s," Sarkozy said.
"Let us rebuild together a regulated capitalism in which whole swathes of financial activity are not left to the sole judgment of market operators, in which banks do their job, which is to finance economic development rather than engage in speculation," Sarkozy said.
The French leader criticized hedge funds and credit ratings agencies for their roles in the current crisis and denounced pay practices in investment banks.
In a press conference afterwards, Sarkozy called for a summit in November to deal with the crisis, adding he had in mind a "G8 format," referring to the eight leading economic powers, that could be opened to "emerging countries."
The G8 is made up of the United States, France, Britain, Germany, Italy, Japan, Canada and Russia.
Speaking in French through an interpreter, Sarkozy called for "rules that apply to all and serve to avert and soften shocks instead of exacerbating them."
Like Sarkozy, other European leaders, chiefly Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel, have voiced annoyance at what they perceive as US failures to implement more stringent financial controls.Both Sarkozy and Merkel have complained that their calls last year for tighter regulation of the markets were shunted aside by the United States and Britain.
New economic cooperation with Russia
Separately, speaking on behalf of the 27-member European Union, Sarkozy also appealed for a "continent-wide economic space" between Europe and Russia.
"What Europe is telling Russia is that we want links with Russia, that we want to build a shared future with Russia, we want to be Russia's partner," Sarkozy said. "Why not build a continent-wide economic space which would unite Russia and Europe?" he asked.
At the same time, Sarkozy warned Russia after its war with Georgia that force cannot be used to settle disputes.
"Europe is also telling Russia ... it cannot compromise on the principle of states' sovereignty and independence, their territorial integrity, or respect for international law," he said´.
Sarkozy brokered a ceasefire to end the conflict between Georgia and Russia last month, although the United States and EU countries have sharply criticized Russia for what they described as its excessive use of force.
French leader remains firm on Iran
Sarkozy also said the EU would never tolerate a nuclear-armed Iran, "which would endanger the peace and stability of an entire region, nor can it tolerate Iran calling for the destruction of ... Israel."
He told reporters that Paris fully supported a fourth round of sanctions against Iran for refusing to suspend its nuclear enrichment program, but acknowledged that Western powers would need Russia's support to pass a new UN sanctions resolution.
Tehran denies Western allegations that it's seeking to develop nuclear weapons.