1. Skip to content
  2. Skip to main menu
  3. Skip to more DW sites

Russia's floating nuclear plant sets sail

August 23, 2019

A seaborne nuclear plant has started its journey across the Arctic Circle to supply power to a Siberian town. Russian activists warned the barge could become a "Chernobyl on ice."

Floating power plant 'Akademik Lomonosov' heads to sea
Image: Reuters/M. Shemetov

Russia launched the world's first floating nuclear power plant on Friday for a weekslong journey through the Arctic Circle, despite warnings from anti-nuclear environmental groups.

The vessel, Akademik Lomonosov, is a 140-meter (459-foot) float carrying two nuclear reactors capable of providing enough energy for a town of 100,000 people. It is to be towed 4,700 kilometers (2,920 miles) to the town of Pevek in north Siberia.

Once there, the vessel will replace the local, aging nuclear power plant and also supply power to regional oil platforms. Russian nuclear officials said that the Akademik Lomonosov will serve as a key infrastructure element in the Northeast Passage, the route connecting the Atlantic and the Pacific. The route has become more accessible due to climate change.

The platform can also be used to desalinate sea water and turn it into drinking water.

View inside 'Akademik Lomonosov'
'Akademik Lomonosov' also boasts desalinization machinesImage: Imago Images/ITAR-TASS/L. Fedoseyev

Fears of storm, collision

Russian environmentalists have repeatedly slammed the project. Greenpeace warns it could turn into "Chernobyl on ice" or a "nuclear Titanic," which has been labelled "scaremongering" by some scientists in and outside Russia, including Dale Klein, the former head of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in the U.S.

Greenpeace representative Rashud Alimov warned that there might be a collision between the platform and the tugs moving it along.

"Any nuclear power plant produces radioactive waste and can have an accident, but Akademik Lomonosov is additionally vulnerable to storms," he told the AFP news agency.

The ship is loaded with nuclear fuel and would also store spent fuel abroad.

Alimov warned there was "no infrastructure for a nuclear cleanup" in Russia's far north.

Central console at 'Akademik Lomonosov'
The vessel is manned by a crew of 69 peopleImage: Imago Images/ITAR-TASS/L. Fedoseyev

Russia hopes for sales abroad

Officials from Russia's nuclear agency Rosatom hope to sell similar nuclear floats to foreign countries within the next ten years. Indonesia and Sudan are the most interested in such a purchase, a senior nuclear energy official told the Interfax news agency earlier this month.

The Akademik Lomonosov started development in 2006. It is expected to start supplying energy to Russia's central system before the end of the year.

Meanwhile, Rosatom is already developing the next generation of floating power plants, which will be smaller and 30% more powerful.

dj/aw (AFP, Reuters, Interfax)

Every evening, DW sends out a selection of the day's news and features. Sign up here.