1. Skip to content
  2. Skip to main menu
  3. Skip to more DW sites

Russia accuses Syria rebels of chemical warfare

November 11, 2016

The Russian military have said they have found evidence rebel fighters used chemical weapons in Aleppo. Russia is preparing for a major offensive in rebel-held eastern Aleppo along with the Syrian government.

Syrien Explosionen in Aleppo
Image: picture allianc /abaca/M. Faisal

Russia's defense ministry said Friday that opposition fighters in Aleppo used chemical weapons in the ongoing civil war in Syria.

Defense ministry spokesman Igor Konashenkov said experts found unexploded ordnance and fragments of munitions that contained chlorine and white phosphorus in the southwestern outskirts of Aleppo. This proves rebel fighters used chemical weapons during the conflict, he added.

Oppositionist Syrian National Coalition quickly denied the accusation, saying in a statement that the ammunition was used "exclusively" by Syrian state troops as well as Iranian militias allied with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. The coalition demanded a more detailed investigation into the ammunition.

The United States and its allies have demanded sanctions against the Syrian government for using chemical weapons. The UN Security Council earlier reported the Syrian government was responsible for three separate attacks involving chemical weapons, but Russia has questioned the reports' conclusions. The Security Council has voted to extend the mandate of their inspectors determining responsibility for chemical weapons attacks.

Upcoming onslaught

The accusation came as Russia and Syria appear to be collaborating for an all-out offensive on eastern Aleppo, which is currently controlled by rebel fighters. Russian news agency Interfax reported Friday jets from the Admiral Kuznetsov aircraft carrier were flying over Syria over previous days to survey the area for future combat missions. The report further stated preparations were underway on the carrier and escorting ships to fight militants.

Rebels have seized certain key areas in western Aleppo since launching an attack on government-held areas in western Aleppo on October 28 in an attempt to break the siege imposed on areas the Syrian government has controlled since July. Syria launched a counteroffensive to recapture lost areas of the southwestern part of the city as well as parts of the al-Assad district west of the city.

Aleppo, the former commercial capital of Syria, has seen intense fighting throughout the country's civil war. Jan Egeland, special adviser to the UN envoy for Syria, said Thursday the last food rations would run out next week. Egeland said the last time citizens in east Aleppo received humanitarian aid was July. More than 250,000 currently live in the eastern part of the city.

 kbd/mg (AP, dpa)