Syria has been embroiled in a civil war since 2011, when violence broke out in the wake of uprisings against the government and pro-Assad forces.
Since March 2011 Syria has been torn by violence. In a wave of protests extending the mass revolutions of the Arab Spring in North Africa, Syrians took to the streets to demand more freedoms and constitutional protections from the government of Bashar al-Assad. The protests were violently suppressed and the country divided along religious and political lines. An exodus of refugees has flooded neighboring countries while the international community deliberates peace initiatives.
Russia has established itself as perhaps the key power broker in the Middle East, but is Vladimir Putin a warmonger or a peace-maker? Our guests: Raghida Bahnam (freelance journalist), Daniel Gerlach (Middle East analyst), Vladimir Esipov (DW).
The humanitarian situation in Syria has become even more dire following a sharp escalation in hostilities in December. More than three million civilians are trapped in a war zone in the northwest of the country. Tents in makeshift refugee camps are often pitched on muddy ground. There are no heaters. Now one young Syrian has invented a special kind of oven which uses pistachio shells as fuel.