Incumbent President Klaus Iohannis will likely face a runoff with Social Democrat leader Viorica Dancila, partial results showed. The second round is scheduled for November 24.
Partial results in Romania's presidential election on Sunday show that incumbent President Klaus Iohannis will likely fail to receive an outright majority, making a runoff necessary.
The 60-year-old centrist liberal received some 36% support, with Social Democrat (PSD) leader Viorica Dancila in second place with 24%.
That would mean a runoff with Dancila on November 24.
"We have beaten the Social Democrats," Iohannis told supporters. "But the war is not over, we have to take another step forward in two weeks," he said.
Dancila said she was "happy" with the result. "We are present in the second round, I thank those who voted with their hearts," he added.
Final results from the first round will take a while to be tallied, due to a record 650,000 votes from Romanians abroad that need to be processed. But analysts have these will not be enough to knock Dancila out of the race.
Romania's presidency is more than a ceremonial role. The president is commander in chief of the armed forces, nominates a prime minister — who has executive powers — and can veto laws adopted by parliament.
Observers said a win for Iohannis might bolster the National Liberal Party's chance of forming a stronger coalition after next year's parliamentary election and restore investor confidence eroded by several years of political instability and high levels of public spending.
Romania has faced European Union monitoring over progress on reform of its judiciary since 2007. But a succession of PSD governments has tried to roll back certain anti-corruption rules in recent years, joining the ranks of other ex-communist states in the bloc in incurring criticism over the rule of law.
Iohannis, who won his first term as president in 2014, had challenged the contested overhaul of the judiciary and attempts to limit magistrates' independence.
He also spearheaded a national referendum where an overwhelming majority of Romanians said they wanted the government to be banned from altering legislation via emergency decrees, and advocated a national ban on granting amnesties and pardons for graft-related crimes.
Just over 18.2 million voters were eligible to cast their ballots.