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Europe should listen more to Africa on migration

Dr. Harrison Mwilima
Harrison Mwilima
June 20, 2021

European and African governments have different perspectives on dealing with refugees and migration challenges. It's high time for Europe and Africa to genuinely work together, says DW’s Harrison Mwilima.

A person is transferred onto a rescue boat some 14 nautical miles from the coast of Libya in Mediterranean Sea
Many young Africans make the dangerous journey across the Mediterranean, but most stay closer to homeImage: Renata Brito/AP Photo/picture alliance

As we observe World Refugee Day on June 20, I would like to remind European and African governments of the need to genuinely work together in dealing with refugee and migration challenges facing the two neighboring continents.

Looking at the European media, a certain image is always reproduced: The many young African people who want to come to Europe — even risking their lives in desperation. This is very one-sided — and creates an image that all African youth want to make such perilous journeys.

In reality, there are few African refugees making such treacherous journeys. In fact, most African refugees go to the neighboring countries instead of heading to Europe.

Different perspectives on dealing with refugees

European and African countries have been working together on solving refugee and migration problems. However, progress has been slow. This is mainly because the two continents have different perspectives and priorities on dealing with the challenge.

Harrison Mwilima
Harrison MwilimaImage: DW

On the one hand, the European Union and its member states regard the reduction of refugees and irregular migrants as a means to tackle security threats. Toward realizing this, most European funds have been channeled to reduce refugee and migration flows to Europe. Furthermore, Europe has even worked with African dictators to gain their support in curbing migration.

On the other hand, African governments are interested in remittances — the money that many migrants send home — and legal migration opportunities. The strategic attitude of Europe in reducing refugees and migration has created mistrust among African governments toward their European counterparts in dealing with refugee and migration challenges.

Pandemic, economic crises leads to migration

The world is currently facing the coronavirus pandemic. In Europe and in other Western countries, vaccinations are currently in full swing, and infection numbers and deaths are declining as life slowly returns to normal.

On the other hand, though many African countries have not been highly affected by the pandemic, the economic effects of coronavirus have been immense. This is due to a fall in commodity prices and the increased costs of imports. Additionally, income from tourism, remittances and raw materials has also dropped.

Such negative economic impacts are likely to lead to migration flows of economic refugees to Europe and, of course, to those neighboring African countries.

Working together as equal partners

Given these negative potential effects of the pandemic, it is high time for Europe and Africa to genuinely work together to avoid the deaths of African refugees and migrants pursuing dangerous journeys to Europe.

In this sense, Europe should listen more and take African perspectives seriously. African governments are calling for remittances to be made easier, and for more legal migration opportunities. Remittances, after all, have proved to be more helpful for African countries and have surpassed development aid provided by donor countries to Africa. As a matter of fact, this should also be of interest to Europe, since money sent by migrants to their families back home would also help to provide economic well-being, thus also tackling some root causes of migration.

Once refugees and migrants have the possibility to work, they would spend some 85% of their income in Europe. Creating legal migration opportunities as well as innovative programs and initiatives to provide skills to refugees and migrants will in the end help European countries, especially given their dwindling population, as there are many young people in Africa. In order to realize all these mutual benefits of migration, African and European countries need to work together as equal partners.