Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: Armenia, Azerbaijan meet in Geneva for peace talks | News | DW | 30.10.2020

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Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: Armenia, Azerbaijan meet in Geneva for peace talks

Foreign ministers from the two warring sides have met mediators in Geneva to try to resolve the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh. Three ceasefires have so far failed to bring a month of deadly fighting to an end.

Top diplomats from Azerbaijan and Armenia began fresh peace talks in Geneva on Friday to try to resolve the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh, the Armenian Foreign Ministry said in a statement.

The ministers are meeting envoys from France, Russia and the United States, co-chairs of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Minsk Group.

The mediation team was created to end the longstanding conflict over the territory that is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan but is ruled by ethnic Armenians.

What is the latest on the fighting?

Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev said Friday that his military had taken nine more villages in Karabakh.

The regions to which he referred are in the southern part of the conflict zone, close to the border with Iran.

Nagorno-Karabakh's Defense Ministry, meanwhile, said it had thwarted Azeri offensives and that shelling of residential areas of towns in the enclave had resumed. It also said it had captured a fighter from Syria.

Human rights groups have warned about the use of cluster munitions during the conflict, including an attack on the Azeri city of Barda on Wednesday which killed more than 20 people.

Rights group Amnesty International and New York-based Human Rights Watch (HRW) called for an immediate halt to the use of banned weapons.

A separate HRW report last week found that Azerbaijan had used cluster munitions in at least four separate incidents.

What is the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict?

The two neighbors have been locked in a bitter dispute since Armenian separatists backed by Yerevan seized control of the mountainous province in a 1990s war that left 30,000 people dead.

Read more: Civilians suffer amid Nagorno-Karabakh conflict

Nagorno-Karabakh map

The bloodiest clashes in years flared-up again on September 27 and more than a thousand people have been killed.

Three previous ceasefire agreements brokered by Russia and the United States in recent weeks have failed.

What's standing in the way of peace?

Azeri military gains made during the renewed fighting make a negotiated settlement more difficult.

Aliyev has rejected any solution that would leave Armenians in control of territory claimed by both countries as part of their historic homeland.

Meanwhile, in comments published on the prime ministerial web site, Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan, responding to questions from foreign media, said he believed "the principle of 'remedial secession' should be applied" to the disputed region.

Remedial secession refers to the secession of a subgroup from its parent state as a remedy of last resort.

mm/rt (AFP, Reuters)

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