The Barcelona star warned his rivals that he has no intentions of easing off any time soon. Rapinoe claimed the top female award after winning the World Cup as captain of the US national team.
Lionel Messi won the Ballon d'Or on Monday, while the United States' Megan Rapinoe won the women's prize after leading her country to World Cup glory earlier this year.
The Barcelona forward won the men's award, beating Liverpool's Virgil van Dijk into second place. Five-time winner Cristiano Ronaldo came third at the awards ceremony at the Chatelet Theater in Paris.
It is the sixth time Messi has won the accolade, arguably football's top individual award, but the first since 2015. He also won it in 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012.
"It is ten years since I won my first Ballon d'Or here in Paris and I remember coming here with my three brothers, I was 22 and it was all unthinkable for me what I was going through," the Argentinian said.
"Now ten years on this is my sixth, in a very different time, very special in my personal life with my wife and three children."
Messi also had a warning for any of his rivals thinking his days at football's top table maybe numbered. "I am aware of the age I have but I hope I have several years left to keep enjoying my football and doing this."
Winning this year's Ballon d'Or may come as a surprise to some, having only added a La Liga title to his vast collection of winners' medals in 2019, whereas Virgil van Dijk and his Liverpool teammates Sadio Mane, who came fourth, and Mohamed Salah, who came fifth, won European club football's most prestigious trophy in 2019 — the Champions League.
Messi did not enjoy the best of summers either, failing to win the Copa America and getting sent off in the third-place match against Chile. Messi subsequently accused the South American soccer federation, CONMEBOL, of "corruption," receiving a three-month ban from international football for his remarks.
Megan Rapinoe wins Ballon d'Or after World Cup exploits
Rapinoe holds aloft the World Cup trophy after the United States defeated the Netherlands in the final
Megan Rapinoe earlier received the women's Ballon d'Or after leading the United States to a record fourth World Cup in France this year.
The 34-year-old was the standout performer at this summer's tournament scoring six goals, earning her the Golden Boot as the top scorer and the Golden Ball as the top player. She succeeded Norway's Ada Hegerberg, who was the inaugural female recipient of the award in 2018.
Rapinoe, who was not present at the ceremony, said in a prerecorded message: "I'm so sad I can't make it tonight. It's absolutely incredible, congrats to the other nominees. I can't believe I'm the one winning in this field, it's been an incredible year.
"I want to thank my team mates and the US federation."
The Ballon d'Or award honors the player deemed to have performed the best over the previous year, based on voting by football journalists, coaches and captains of national teams.
jsi/aw (Reuters, dpa, AFP, AP)