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1,500-year-old church unearthed in Israel

October 24, 2019

The elaborate Byzantine church was discovered during a construction project outside of Jerusalem. The condition of the centuries-old site "far surpasses" other churches discovered in the Holy Land, archaeologists said.

Employees of the Israel Antiquities Authority work to uncover a 1500 year old church
Image: picture-alliance/ZUMAPRESS.com/N. Alon

Israeli archaeologists uncovered a Byzantine-era church in a neighborhood west of Jerusalem, researchers announced on Wednesday.

After three years of excavations, the Israel Antiquities Authorities showcased some of the artifacts from the nearly 1,500-year-old church.

During the dig, researchers found several elaborate mosaics depicting birds, fruits and plants as well as colorful frescoes on the walls of the church. The church was also elaborately designed, including a marble chancel and a calcite flowstone baptismal.

One floor mosaic contains an eagle, a symbol of the Byzantine Empire.

"We know of a few hundred churches in the Holy Land but this church by far surpasses most of them by its state of preservation and the imperial involvement which funded it," said Benjamin Storchan, the excavation's director.

Read more: Archaeologists uncover 1,200-year-old mosque in Israel

Employees of the Israel Antiquities Authority work to uncover a 1500 year old church
One of the Greek inscriptions said the church was dedicated to an unnamed 'glorious martyr'Image: picture-alliance/ZUMAPRESS.com/N. Alon

Mystery martyr

An inscription in the courtyard says the site is dedicated to a "glorious martyr," although researchers are still puzzling over their identity.

An underground crypt below the main area of the church is believed to have contained the martyr's remains.

"The martyr's identity is not known, but the exceptional opulence of the structure and its inscriptions indicate that this person was an important figure," Storchan said.

Read more: An early beer: Archaeologists tap ground at world's oldest brewery

Employees of the Israel Antiquities Authority work to uncover a 1500 year old church
The site was likely a popular destination for pilgrims and was well-funded by the Byzantine empireImage: picture-alliance/dpa/T. Abayov

Another inscription on the site revealed that Byzantine emperor Tiberius II Constantinus helped fund the church's expansion.

Researchers believe the site was likely a popular destination for pilgrims until it was abandoned during the Muslim Abbasid caliphate in the 9th century AD.

Following the collapse of the Byzantine Empire, the entrances to the church were sealed with large stones. Excavators were able to move the heavy stones, revealing glass lamps and a piece of the vault where the nameless martyr is believed to have been buried.

rs/se (AP, dpa, Reuters)

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