The disembarking of 2,700 passengers, some infected with the coronavirus, in Sydney a month ago is now being probed by police in Australia. Eleven of the country's 35 fatalities had been on board the Ruby Princess.
Police in Australia said Sunday they were launching a criminal investigation into why a cruise ship was allowed to disembark in Sydney, resulting in more than 10% of the country's total coronavirus cases.
The Ruby Princess, owned by British-American cruise operator Carnival, docked in Sydney Harbour on March 19 after 11 days at sea.
Border and health authorities allowed some 2,700 passengers to leave with only minimal checks, even though about a dozen passengers had shown respiratory symptoms before they disembarked.
At least 622 of Australia's 5,687 coronavirus cases stem reportedly from the ship.
New South Wales state police commissioner Mick Fuller said Sunday the operator faced "negligence-type" allegations on whether it breached state and federal Australian biosecurity laws.
The probe will also examine the actions of shore agencies, said Fuller, after state health officials defended their decision to let passengers disembark.
"The international license to enter a port is on the assurance from the captain to the authorities that the vessel is free from contagious disease," said Fuller. He then asked, "… were [the] Carnival crew transparent in contextualizing the true patient and crew health conditions relevant to COVID-19?"
He added that some 200 Ruby Princess crew members were now experiencing symptoms of the Sars-CoV-2 virus. The ship is now in waters off Sydney in Botany Bay, but due to dock further south at Port Kembla on Monday.
Carnival Australia, an offshoot of the American-British cruise concern Carnival, said it was cooperating fully with police in the criminal investigation.
The controversy surrounding the docking sparked memories of Australia's handling of the 1918 Spanish Flu epidemic.
Briefing health officials on the domestic outbreak two years ago, medical historian Professor Geoffrey Rice, said Australia kept its then-influenza death rate down to 2.6 persons per 1000 by exercising maritime quarantines.
By comparison a century ago, on formerly German Western Samoa the death rate was a staggering one-in-five (22%), the New Zealand historian told health officials.
He attributed New Zealand's 9,000 "Spanish Flu" deaths to arrivals in Auckland in November 1918 of three troopships carrying "several thousand" returning World War One troops, who then headed home "the length and breadth of the country."
Fines for violating social distance rules
Across the Tasman Sea on Sunday, several Australian states had given their police forces power to enforce hefty on-the-spot fines and potential jail terms.
Victoria state police reportedly issued 142 fines for breaking social distance rules on Saturday, while Premier Daniel Andrews said Australians "have a long way to go."
The vast state of Western Australia meanwhile announced an unprecedented "hard" border closure.
"We've only just started our battle here," said Premier Mark McGowan, whose state government last month denied entry to ships, including the German-based Artania.