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Joe Biden with ASEAN leaders at the White House, Washington
This is the first ASEAN meeting in Washington and first to be hosted by a US President since 2016Image: Susan Walsh/dpa/AP/picture alliance
PoliticsAsia

US: Biden hosts ASEAN leaders amid concerns over China

May 13, 2022

The White House has announced a cash injection to boost Southeast Asia's climate, maritime and public health infrastructure as ASEAN leaders discuss shared concerns over China's rise in the region.

https://p.dw.com/p/4BEMi

US President Joe Biden on Friday announced the nomination of Yohannes Abraham as ambassador to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) as he wrapped up talks in Washington with leaders of the 10-country bloc.

Biden kicked off the summit for the ASEAN bloc by holding a dinner for the bloc's leaders at the White House on Thursday evening.

The first-ever meeting of the two-day ASEAN summit to be held in Washington comes as the US seeks to solidify ties with Southeast Asian countries as part of its Indo-Pacific strategy in response to China's expansion.

Earlier on Friday, US Vice President Kamala Harris said that "the United States and ASEAN have shared a vision for this region, and together will guard against threats to international rules and norms," appearing to allude to Beijing's military presence in the South China Sea.

Ahead of the dinner, the White House pledged around $150 million (€144.3 million) in support for ASEAN countries with initiatives for clean energy and maritime security.

"I hope this meeting can build a momentum for the return of the US presence in the region," Indonesian President Joko Widodo told a forum of the US-ASEAN Business Council before heading to dinner at the White House.

What the $150 million package entails

The White House committed $60 million to new maritime initiatives, including the deployment of a Coast Guard vessel and personnel to fight crimes at sea. US officials said the funds would also be used to counter what the US describes as illegal fishing by China.

The White House said another $40 million would go towards clean energy initiatives and around $6 million would go to accelerate digital development in the region.

It also said it was working with the private sector to raise funds of up to $2 billion.

By comparison, the White House earlier this week announced a $40 billion military and humanitarian package for Ukraine as it fights the Russian army. The modest sum also pales in comparison to China's deep ties in the region.

Biden is working on other initiatives to bolster economic cooperation in the region, like "Build Back Better World" infrastructure investment and an Indo-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF). But few details have been revealed about both plans.

What are ASEAN concerns over China?

China claims nearly all of the South China Sea and stands at odds with four other ASEAN members — Vietnam, Philippines, Brunei, and Malaysia — that claim parts of it.

While the US has stepped up cooperation with other countries in the Indo-Pacific on traditional security matters to counter China, ASEAN members have grown increasingly frustrated by a US delay in detailing plans for economic growth in the region since it quit a regional trade pact in 2017.

"The US should adopt a more active trade and investment agenda with ASEAN, which will benefit the US economically and strategically," Malaysian Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob said on Thursday.

China is not a member of ASEAN but it is party, along with Japan, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand, to the world'slargest trade deal with ASEAN members.

What is ASEAN?

ASEAN is a 10-member bloc that aims at bolstering cooperation and economic growth in the Asia-Pacific region and the countries share Washington's concerns about China.

Biden took a group photo on the South Lawn with leaders from Brunei, Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia and the Philippines before dinner. 

The Philippines was represented by its foreign affairs secretary since the country is in transition amidst the election of Ferdinand Marcos Jr. as president on May 9.

Eight ASEAN leaders are expected to participate in talks on Friday, the final day of the summit.

Myanmar's top general was barred from attending last year's virtual meeting in October, and the country refused a representative for the meeting to protest its top general's exclusion. Senior General Min Aung Hlaing has been excluded from attending ASEAN meetings given military rule and violence in the country. 

Myanmar releases political prisoners

Biden to travel to Asia next week

Reuters news agency reported that Biden is set to launch IPEF during his whirlwind visit to Asia next week.

Biden is set to travel to South Korea and Japan to meet their new leaders, his first trip to Asia as president of the US.

He is also set to meet with leaders of the so-called QUAD group — which comprises the US, Japan, India and Australia — that has intensified security and economic ties amid concerns over China's rise in the region.

rm/rt (Reuters, AFP, AP)

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