Ukraine fears that the new pipeline will allow Russia to limit or even cut off the gas flowing through their land. That could cost Ukraine billions in important transport fees.
Berlin is under increasing pressure to pull the plug on Nord Stream 2, the planned gas pipeline that would link Russia and Germany below the Baltic Sea. Here is what you need to know about the massive project.
Talks have taken place in Berlin with the EU, Ukraine and Russia over the transit of gas from Russia to Europe. The forthcoming Nord Stream 2 project has stoked Ukrainian fears of economic isolation.
The 1,200-kilometer undersea pipeline aims to deliver more than 55 billion cubic meters of natural gas from Russia to Germany. Environmentalists say construction work will harm underwater life in the Baltic Sea.
German energy expert Roland Götz believes the controversial gas pipeline will come into operation in 2019. But Russia's Gazprom and Ukraine's Naftogaz first need to reach a gas transit deal, he says.
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