Giuseppe Conte's new government is a coalition between unlikely allies: the anti-establishment Five Star Movement and center-left Democratic Party. The alliance follows the withdrawal of Matteo Salvini's League party.
Italy's Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte unveiled his new cabinet on Wednesday, uniting two rival political parties in an unlikely coalition between the anti-establishment
The coalition is expected to improve EU relations and soften the country's stance on immigration.
Conte said the fresh government would work with "intense passion" to bolster beleaguered Italy's spirits. The country has faced high rates of debt and unemployment and general dissatisfaction over immigration and Italy's relationship with Brussels.
Fresh cabinet leans left
Conte named Five Star Movement leader Luigi Di Maio as foreign minister. At 33 years old, Di Maio will be the youngest foreign minister in Italy's history.
As finance minister, the prime minister appointed Roberto Gualtieri from the Democratic Party. The first order of pressing business for Gualtieri, who chaired the European Parliament's committee on economic and monetary affairs for five years, will be dealing with the upcoming budget.
Luciana Lamorgese, a former Milan security chief and top civil servant with no political affiliation will serve as the new interior minister, replacing far-right League leader Matteo Salvini.
The 21-member cabinet will include seven women ministers.
The cabinet's swearing-in ceremony will take place at the presidential palace in Rome on Thursday morning. Conte was tasked with forming a new coalition by the country's president, Sergio Mattarella, six days ago.
Conte's first, 14-month-old government collapsed last month after the League's Salvini withdrew his euroskeptic, anti-migrant party from the right-left populist coalition in a foiled attempt to trigger early elections.
However, even after being sworn in, the new government will still need to be approved by votes of confidence in Italy's two houses of parliament later this week to ensure it has a majority.
Yesterday, members of the Five Star Movement (M5S) approved the new coalitionwith 79.3% of votes cast in an online members' ballot supporting the deal with the Democratic Party (PD). If they had rejected the proposal, Italy could have headed for snap elections as soon as November.
United against Salvini
Over the past week, markets have rallied in the hopes that a snap election could be avoided. Analysts welcomed indications that the month-long political crisis in the country might soon end with a more pro-European government.
Nicola Zingaretti, the Democratic Party's pro-EU head, lauded the coalition. "We stopped Salvini, and merely the announcement of this [new] phase is making Italy again a protagonist in Europe," he said.
Salvini, who now sits on the opposition sidelines, labelled the new administration "a government produced by Paris and Berlin, born out of fear to give up power, without dignity or ideals, with the wrong people in the wrong places." The head of the League party also tweeted that the new government "can't escape from the judgment of Italians for long," predicting that "in the end we will win."
Salvini continues to lead in opinion polls. Political scientist Giovanni Orsina from Rome's Luiss University says that "most Italians see the new government as a kind of anti-Salvini coalition, that may be 90% of its purpose," he told DW. "There's only consensus between the parties on about 10% of the actual issues."
Orsina expects Salvini will hold on to his high polling numbers for some time longer. "Salvini won for certain reasons, and these reasons haven't changed," he said. "The government must show that it's taking the concerns of its citizens seriously — only then could support for Salvini diminish. It's not just a question of opinion polls, rather we'll soon have elections in the regions of Umbria and Emiglia Romania. These are traditionally left-leaning regions. If the right wins in those districts this time, it could become difficult for the new government."