What you need to know
- The US Germany, Japan, France, Canada, Italy, the UK, and the EU have laid out a framework for defending Ukraine in future conflicts.
- Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy is holding a series of bilateral talks with the 31 NATO leaders amid frustration in Kyiv over not being given a clear timeline for joining the alliance.
- Officials say that the United States, Britain, France and Germany are expected to give Kyiv assurances of long-term security support in the near future.
Live updates now halted
That concludes our rolling coverage as the NATO summit in Vilnius comes to an end.
Biden vows unwavering support for Ukraine
US President Joe Biden used a speech after the conclusion of the two-day NATO summit before a cheering crowd in Vilnius to vow that the West will not abandon Ukraine in its fight against the Russian invasion.
"We will not waver," he said in the courtyard of Vilnius University, saying that President Vladimir Putin had expected NATO to "break" — but "he thought wrong."
"When Putin, and his craven lust for land and power, unleashed his brutal war on Ukraine, he was betting NATO would break apart. He thought NATO would break. He thought our unity would shatter at the first testing. He thought democratic leaders would be weak. But he thought wrong," Biden said.
"The defense of freedom is not the work of a day or a year. It's the calling of our lifetime — of all time," Biden said, adding that NATO is "stronger, more energized and yes, more united than ever in its history."
Biden's speech aimed to rally allies and showcase his role on the world stage ahead of a 2024 re-election campaign focused on healing divisions at home and abroad.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy speaks at NATO summit
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy spoke at the NATO summit following the announcement of a framework of security guarantees for the country against any future Russian attacks
Britain 'not Amazon' for weapons to Ukraine — UK defense secretary
Defence Secretary Ben Wallace said the United Kingdom was not an Amazon delivery service for weapons to Ukraine, suggesting that Kyiv could express more "gratitude" to its allies in the face of Russia's invasion.
"There is a slight word of caution which is, whether we like it or not, people want to see gratitude," Wallace told British media on the sidelines of a NATO summit in Vilnius.
Wallace also recalled that, after receiving a list of weapons requests from Ukraine last year, he told officials in Kyiv: "I am not Amazon."
Asked about Wallace's remarks, British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak said Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy "has expressed his gratitude for what we have done on a number of occasions."
Erdogan says he will put Sweden's NATO ratification to Turkish parliament in autumn
"There is a two-month parliament holiday," Erdogan said. "There a lot of legislative proposals to discuss" once lawmakers return in October, he added.
Speaking at a news conference after the NATO summit in Vilnius, Erdogan said Sweden would provide a road map for Turkey regarding the steps it will take against terrorism before the ratification.
Erdogan also said he was "more hopeful than ever" for the sale of F-16 fighter jets from the United States after he held talks with President Joe Biden a day earlier.
Biden's administration will move ahead with the transfer of F-16 fighter jets to Turkey in consultation with Congress,
national security adviser Jake Sullivan said on Tuesday, a day after Ankara gave the green light for Sweden to join NATO.
Macron says Russia is militarily 'fragile' while Ukraine has lasting support
French President Emmanuel Macron said Russia was "politically and militarily fragile," while Ukraine had received lasting commitments of support from its allies.
"Russia has shown its first signs of division," Macron said at a press conference after the NATO summit in Vilnius, referring the recent failed mutiny by the mercenary Wagner group.
He also said the G7's declaration on a security framework for Ukraine showed its long-term support for Ukraine.
Macron added that he hoped Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan would quickly ratify Sweden's entry to NATO.
Stoltenberg says issue of NATO Japan office 'still on table'
"The issue of the liaison office is still on the table," Stoltenberg told a press conference. "It will be considered in the future."
France has put a hold on plans for the office, stressing that NATO should maintain its focus on the North Atlantic area. Other NATO members have stressed that the office would be small and focused on fostering regional relationships, and would not have any military role.
French President Emmanuel Macron said it was important that NATO remain true to its origins of being a North Atlantic-based organization, and that the alliance should not give out the impression of wanting to extend its geographical remit.
"Whichever way you look at it, geography can be stubborn. The Indo-Pacific is not the North Atlantic. Therefore we must not give out the impression that NATO is somehow looking to build up a legitimacy or presence geographically installed in other regions," Macron told a news conference at a NATO summit.
China said in May that such an office would not be welcomed in the Asia-Pacific region.
G7 nations unveil security framework for Ukraine
In a joint declaration, which other nations can join, the United States, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, Italy and Britain, as well as the European Union, said the framework encompassed elements including modern advanced military equipment, training, intelligence sharing and cyberdefense.
In return Ukraine, would pledge improved governance measures, including through judicial and economic reforms and enhanced transparency.
US President Joe Biden said the G7 would assist Ukraine in building a powerful military while it waits to be allowed into NATO.
"We're going to help them build a strong capable defense across land, air and sea," Biden said at a ceremony with the other G7 leaders and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy at the NATO summit in Vilnius.
Biden said "Ukraine's future lies in NATO" and the G7 had made a clear statement that its support would last long into the future after the declaration outlined a multilateral framework.
"We’re going to be there as long as it takes," Biden said.
Speaking alongside Biden, Zelenskyy said the multilateral accord, which paves the way for bilateral negotiations with countries, was a "significant security victory" for Ukraine.
German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said the security pledges to Ukraine issued by several countries within a G7 framework were meant to be part of long-term strategy to support Kyiv.
"It is about a security partnership that's urgently needed and that will enable the participating countries to specify their contributions (to Kyiv), embedding these contributions in a longer-term strategy that Ukraine can rely on," he told reporters.
Berlin scraps plans for joint tank maintenance hub in Poland
Berlin said it would repair modern Leopard 2 tanks damaged in the war in Ukraine in Germany, as well as Lithuania, scrapping plans for a joint maintenance hub in Poland after arduous talks failed to yield a result.
"Leopard 2A5 and Leopard 2A6 tanks will be repaired in Germany and likely in Lithuania," a spokesperson for the Defense Ministry in Berlin said.
Following months of wrangling, Germany agreed in January to provide Ukraine with Leopard 2 battle tanks, regarded as among the best in the West's arsenal, as part of its military support for Kyiv in the wake of the Russian invasion.
Germany has supplied around 20 Leopard 2A6 tanks to Ukraine.
Zelenskyy warns G7 security pledge no substitute for NATO membership
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has said he welcomes promised new commitments to his country's security by the G7 nations but warned that NATO membership was vital in the long term.
Speaking after talks with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, Zelenskyy said the promises from the G7 should not be seen as replacing NATO membership "but as security guarantees on our way to integration."
His remarks came ahead of an expected announcement by the G7 group of major industrial powers of a plan for long-term guarantees to help Ukraine defeat the ongoing Russian invasion and deter future aggression.
Zelenskyy described the results of the alliance's two-day summit in Vilnius as good for Ukraine but said an invitation to join "would be the optimum."
"The best guarantee for Ukraine is to be in NATO," Zelensky told reporters, adding that he was sure that this would be the case "after the war."
Stoltenberg appeared to be supportive of Zelenskyy's desire, saying at a joint press conference, "Today, we meet as equals; I look forward to the day we meet as allies."
Zelenskyy thanks Germany for Patriot pledge
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has expressed gratitude to Germany for agreeing to send more Patriot missiles and launchers to help Kyiv's forces in their fight against invading troops from Russia.
After talks with German Chancellor Olaf Scholz at the NATO summit, Zelenskyy wrote on his Telegram channel that he and the German leader "continued the conversation about security guarantees for Ukraine on the way to NATO."
"There is an agreement on additional Patriot launchers and missiles ... from Germany," he wrote, saying the weapons were "very important for protecting life in Ukraine from Russian terror."
He also thanked Germany generally for its "long-term support of Ukraine."
The Ukrainian leader also thanked Australia for agreeing to send further weapons.
"Thank you! A powerful new defence package, including 30 Bushmasters," Zelenskiy said on Telegram after
a meeting with Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese.
The Bushmaster, known in full as the Bushmaster Protected Mobility Vehicle, is an Australian-built four-wheel drive armored vehicle used to transport infantry while shielding it fully from small arms fire and also offering reasonable protection from IEDs and ballistic weapons.
The additional Bushmasters, worth A$100 million (€60.7 million; $67 million), will mean that Australia has so far supplied 120 protected vehicles to Ukraine.
China to figure on second-day summit agenda
NATO leaders will be meeting with counterparts from Australia, Japan, New Zealand and South Korea on the second day of the alliance's summit in Vilnius to discuss ways of countering what it sees as China's dangerously assertive geopolitical behavior.
"China is increasingly challenging the rules-based international order refusing to condemn Russia's war against Ukraine, threatening Taiwan and carrying out substantial military buildup," NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg said this week.
"China's nuclear modernization is unprecedented in speed and scale and being carried out with no transparency," he added.
China has reacted angrily to a communique issued on Tuesday in which NATO said Beijing was challenging its security with its "ambitions and coercive policies."
At a regular press briefing on Wednesday, Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Wang Wenbin urged NATO to stop what he called its groundless accusations and provocative remarks against the country.
G7 set to give security commitments to Ukraine
The Group of Seven (G7) is to announce a set of security commitments for a post-war Ukraine following NATO's reticence over Ukrainian membership of the military alliance, officials say.
The top White House adviser for European affairs, Amanda Sloat, said the "multilateral declaration will send a significant signal to Russia that time is not on its side."
The G7 is made up of some of the world's leading economies: France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada.
The British Foreign Ministry said the G7 would "set out how allies will support Ukraine over the coming years to end the war and deter and respond to any future attack."
UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, a staunch supporter of Kyiv, said, "As Ukraine makes strategic progress in their counteroffensive, and the degradation of Russian forces begins to infect Putin’s front line, we are stepping up our formal arrangements to protect Ukraine for the long term."
In 2014, Russia was suspended from what was then the G8 after annexing the region of Crimea illegally from Ukraine and permanently left the body of its own volition in 2018.
Ukraine's Zelenskyy to meet with NATO leaders
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy is to hold several bilateral meetings with NATO leaders on Wednesday, a day after the military alliance told Kyiv that while Ukraine's future lay within the alliance, it still had to meet a number of preconditions.
Zelenskyy will also join the 31 leaders at the inaugural session of the NATO-Ukraine Council. This body has been set up to upgrade relations between Kyiv and the trans-Atlantic military alliance, among other things allowing all parties to convene crisis talks if their security is threatened.
In one important meeting, the Ukrainian leader is to hold talks with US President Joe Biden.
The US has been one of the prime providers of military support to Kyiv as it seeks to defend itself against an unprovoked and illegal invasion by Russian forces launched in February last year.
Writing on his Telegram channel, Zelenskyy outlined his priorities on the second day of the summit: "new support packages for our army on the battlefield"; assurances from NATO "that we have this invitation [to join] for when the security situation allows it; and "security guarantees for Ukraine on the way to NATO."
tj/sms (AP, Reuters, dpa, AFP)