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The Allgemeine Zeitung and Stefan Fischer, its editor-in-chiefImage: picture-alliance/ dpa

Namibia's German Newspaper Still a Cultural Icon at 90

Dagmar Wittek (jen)
July 31, 2006

This year, Namibia's oldest daily newspaper celebrates its 90th birthday. Since 1916, the German-language "Allgemeine Zeitung" has been informing the country's German speakers.


"Breakfast wouldn't be breakfast without the AZ," said Almute Öl, who grew up with the Allgemeine Zeitung, Africa's one and only German-language daily.

Öl, who heads the German-language radio program in Namibia, said she would hate to have to go without the AZ, as the paper is affectionately called. "It's the thing that ties together our country," Öl said.

Independence Avenue in Windhoek in Namibia
Independence Street in downtown Windhoek, the Namibian capitalImage: dpa

"It also has a unique point of view that the other newspapers don't have. It tells a lot more about the German community. We should be really proud to have a paper like this, in our own language. I buy it every day."

The 12-to-16-page Allgemeine Zeitung costs three Namibian dollars, around 35 euro cents. It has been accused of focusing too much on German subjects and on the past. But 36-year-old Editor-in-Chief Stefan Fischer, from Cottbus,said he begs to differ.

"The only thing that is German about the AZ is the language," he said. "We aren't a German newspaper in Namibia, like a lot of astonished tourists think when they first come here. We are a Namibian paper written in the German language."

Particular language

Actually it is written in "Southwest German," the language spoken by German-speakers in Namibia, explains former Eberhardt Hofmann, another of the paper's editors. He gives the Southwest German word "rivir" as an example. "It doesn't mean river and it doesn't mean Fluss (the German word for "river.") It means a dry river."

In 1916, the paper was still called Der Kriegsbote (War Courier) and published excerpts from the emperor's speeches and war reportage from World War One.

Today, however, the topics are different, said Hoffman. "Land reform, criminality, sometimes natural phenomena, like our rainy season. And, oh yeah, the budget, and the fight against corruption."

Farmer in Namibia
Farmer Martin Wucher is one of Namibia's German speaking minorityImage: AP

Editor Doro Greve said she thinks it is very important to cover Namibian topics and make an effort to get away from purely German news.

"I sometimes think some of our readers are a little bit stuck in the 1980s. I think it is our job to slowly but surely bring the readers up to the present time and say, 'Hey, this is Namibia today. This is new! And come along with us, stand up and be seen!' Because we see quite often that German speakers don't really want to get involved and open up to the public. And I think if we can help a little, as a newspaper we have really accomplished something."

'I know I have arrived'

One steady Allgemeine Zeitung reader is Wolfgang, who has paid regular visits to Namibia for the past 25 years. For him, the AZ and Namibia are inseparable.

"For me, the AZ personifies Namibia. It's like Fish River Canyon or the Spitzkoppe (mountain). It is a cultural institution of this country," he said. "When I fly into (Namibian capital) Windhoek and drive into town and sit with a cool beer, and I have the AZ in my hand -- then I know I have arrived."

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