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The Republic of Namibia is a country in southern Africa and a former German colony. It gained independence from South Africa in 1990, following the Namibian War of Independence.

Namibia's capital and largest city is Windhoek. Most of its territory was a German Imperial protectorate in 1884 and remained a German colony until the end of World War I. South Africa occupied the colony in 1915 and administered it from 1919 onward as a League of Nations mandate territory. Since independence Namibia has successfully completed the transition from white minority apartheid rule to parliamentary democracy.

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