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Moldova next Ukraine?

February 18, 2015

Moldova's parliament has chosen a pro-European businessman as prime minister. Its choice of Chiril Gaburici puts the impoverished former Soviet republic adjacent to Ukraine on possible collision course with Russia.

Moldawien Chisinau Parlament Abgeordnete
Image: picture-alliance/epa/D. Doru

Gaburici, aged 38, said ahead of his selection by parliament in the capital Chisinau on Wednesday that complying with EU agreements would be a top priority for his new government.

A pro-Europe bloc won Moldova's parliamentary election last November but failed to agree on key posts. Last week, parliament disallowed acting Prime Minister Iurie Leanca from serving a further term in office.

Last July, Moldova ratified trade and political agreements with the EU and then elected its latest parliament aware that the separatist war in eastern Ukraine was related to the pro-Europe stance in Kyiv.

Moscow banned imports from Moldova of wine, vegetables and meat, and warned that closer ties with Europe could led to a full breakaway by the pro-Russian enclave of Trans-Dniester, just as Ukraine lost Crimea.

Moldova needs 'friends'

Gaburici, who was picked on Wednesday by 60 of parliament's 101 lawmakers, said Moldova needed "friends and partners like never before."

"It is very important that the question of Moldova's European integration remains in focus," he said.

Currency fall

Since early January, Moldova's central bank has repeatedly hiked interest rates and sold some foreign currency reserves to prop up the local currency, the leu, amid economic and political turmoil.

This week the currency lost a quarter of its value, leading to closed shops and growing fuel station queues.

Moldova ranks as one of the poorest nations in Europe. Some 3.6 million people lived in the wedge-shaped nation between Ukraine and EU member Romania.

An estimated one million Moldovans live abroad and remit money to help relatives.

Around 78 percent of Moldova's resident population is ethnic Romanian, while Ukrainians and Russians account for some 14 percent.

Breakaway Trans-Dniester

Russian-speaking Trans-Dniester, which is not internationally recognized, broke away during a short war in 1991-92 that cost around 800 lives.

Russia has maintained troops in the enclave of 550,000 people since 1992, despite a 1999 commitment to remove them.

ipj/kms (Reuters, AFP, AP)