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Integration debate

October 11, 2010

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has defended Bavarian state premier, Horst Seehofer, after he called for restrictions on the number of Turkish and Arab immigrants to Germany. Merkel said he was misconstrued.

Angela Merkel and Horst Seehofer
Merkel defended Seehofer's comments which seemed to be against more Muslim immigrantsImage: picture alliance/dpa

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has defended the state premier of Bavaria's controversial call for restrictions to immigration.

Deputy government spokesperson Sabine Heimbach said Merkel spoke with Horst Seehofer earlier on Monday and that he had explained that his position had been "misrepresented." He said his call for restrictions on immigrants from Turkey or Arab countries was directed "merely at skilled laborers."

Merkel with Turkish PM Erdogan
Merkel and Erdogan pledged to improve integrationImage: picture alliance/dpa

Merkel expressed her agreement with Seehofer with regard to the process of bringing in skilled labor, saying that "existing potential had to be exhausted first" before allowing the influx of foreign skilled labor.

On the heels of Merkel's meeting with Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Berlin, in which she reiterated that negotiations for EU membership for Turkey remained "open-ended with no guarantees," Seehofer told Focus magazine that some groups of immigrants should be excluded from Germany.

"It is clear that immigrants from foreign cultural circles, like Turkey or Arab countries, have a hard time," he told the weekly news magazine Focus. "That leads me to the conclusion that we do not need any more migrants from other cultural circles," he said.

Opposition demands apologies

The Green party's parliamentary leader, Renate Kuenast, accused Seehofer of right-wing populism and immediately demanded an apology, which Seehofer refused to concede on Monday.

Horst Seehofer waving at a party meeting
Seehofer ruffled more than a few feathers with his remarksImage: AP

The Social Democrat interior minister of the city-state of Berlin, Ehrhart Koerting, accused Seehofer of "stigmatizing" certain immigrants and undermining domestic peace.

Members of Merkel's ruling coalition, made up of the chancellor's Christian Democratic Union (CDU), the free market liberals FDP and Seehofer's Christian Social Union (CSU), also expressed doubts about the Bavarian leader's comments.

"The question is whether Horst Seehofer wants to prevent additional immigration or get around existing law," the CDU's Wolfgang Bosbach told the daily Saarbruecker Zeitung. "If it's the latter, than I have doubts about its constitutionality."

German Justice Minister Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger, a member of the FDP, called for a "rational integration and migration policy - not an intentional simplification and populist debate over an end to migration.

Ongoing debate

Since August, a debate has been raging in Germany after Thilo Sarrazin, a prominent central banker, who later resigned, said the country was being made "dumber" by poorly educated and unproductive Muslim immigrants and their children.

German President Christian Wulff further fanned the flames on October 3 by saying at celebrations marking 20 years of German reunification that Islam had become "a part of Germany," earning him sharp rebukes from conservatives.

Two fully veiled Muslim women on the streets of Bonn, Germany
Most Germans take umbrage at the perceived lack of integration by Muslim immigrantsImage: DW

The state premier of Hesse, Volker Bouffier, rejected Wulff's assessment saying, "Islam did not belong to the foundations of our republic," and that Germany did not need to change, but rather the Islamic immigrants.

A representative survey carried out by the Emnid polling institute last week for Focus magazine, prior to Erdogan's visit, revealed that 60 percent of Germans oppose EU membership for Turkey.

In another poll conducted by Emnid for the Bild am Sonntag newspaper during the same period, 59 percent believed the large majority of Muslims living in Germany were unwilling to accept and respect the German constitution.

Author: Gabriel Borrud, Gregg Benzow (Reuters/AFP/dpa)
Editor: Rob Turner

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